Ad Hoc Report: A custom report created in the moment by sending a query for specific information that is displayed as a report in the specified format.
Analytic Application: A turnkey software program for specific data needs, e.g. customer intelligence or market research.
Balanced Scorecard: Summarizes business performance measurements from multiple perspectives (e.g. financial, customer knowledge, internal business processes, learning and growth) on a single page or view.
Business Performance Management (BPM): A kind of internal BI application, BPM focuses on the effectiveness and efficiency of business units (e.g. finance, sales, human resources) as well as processes, such as planning and forecasting.
Data Dictionary: A list of all data elements and databases by name, structure, function, and other information about their usage.
Data Mart (DM): A specialized data warehouse with a predefined grouping of select data.
Data Warehouse: A raw database created by integrating data from a variety of sources.
Drill Down/Up: The process to create summaries of data either more detailed (drill down) or less detailed (drill up).
Enterprise Portal: Access to BI software and reports via a password-protected website.
Executive Information Systems (EIS): Turnkey software with targeted level of detail for use by senior executives.
Granularity: Level of detail. The less detail, the lower the level of granularity. Conversely, the more detail, the higher the level of granularity.
Metadata: Describes the content, structure and processes of a data warehouse.
Relational Database System (RDBMS): Data organized by relations. In the broadest (and somewhat imprecise) terms, relations are defined as a series of yes/no propositions. Data queries sort according to what information is or is not contained in these relationships.
Structured Query Language (SQL): A standard programming language used to access and manipulate data in a relational database.