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Scientific management - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scientific management, also called Taylorism, was a theory of management that analyzed and synthesized workflows. Its main objective was improving ...

Frederick Taylor and Scientific Management - Management Training ...

Understanding Taylorism and Early Management Theory ... He started the Scientific Management movement, and he and his associates were the first people to ...

Scientific Management Theory? - Ask.com

The theory behind scientific management is that with the proper training and development a company will become successful and employees will be well skilled ...

Scientific Management: Taylor and the Gilbreths - Classical ...

Scientific management focuses on improving efficiency and output through ... Scientific management, or Taylorism, is a management theory that analyzes work  ...

Frederick W. Taylor and Scientific Management: Efficiency or ...

Frederick W. Taylor: Master of Scientific Management .... however, Taylor used the example of Schmidt at the Bethlehem Steel Company to test his theories.

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The Principles of Scientific Management, 1911 - Fordham University

And further to show that the fundamental principles of scientific management are ..... On the contrary, the theory, or philosophy, of scientific management is just ...

Scientific Management Theory - Term Papers - Fhersek

Scientific Management Theory (1890-1940) Scientific Management is defined as the use of the scientific method to define the "one best way" for a job to be done ...

Frederick Taylor & Scientific Management - NetMBA

Frederick Taylor and scientific management, including time and motion studies and a listing of Taylor's four priniciples of scientific management.

Frederick Winslow Taylor, The Principles of Scientific Management

Under scientific management the “initiative” of the workmen (that is, their hard work, their good-will, and their ingenuity) is obtained with absolute uniformity and  ...

Frederick Taylor's Principles of Scientific Management Theory

Jul 6, 2011 ... Frederick Taylor's Principles of Scientific Management Theory, article posted by Gaurav Akrani on Kalyan City Life blog.

Principles of Scientific Management by Frederick Winslow Taylor

Frederick Winslow Taylor (1911). The Principles of Scientific Management. etching of Frederick Winslow Taylor. The Principles of Scientific Management.

Scientific Management theory

Scientific Management theory. 8/1/00 ... of Contents. The Evolution of Management Theory · Scientific Management theory ... Problems of Scientific Management.

A Guide to Scientific Management Theory


As its name suggests, scientific management theory was invented at a time when adding the word ‘scientific’ to a process was still novel enough to count as its own thing.  It’s also called Taylorism, after its 19th century inventor, Frederick Taylor.  Fundamentally, it’s a system for exploiting your manpower to its maximum potential and streamlining your production to improve efficiency.  It aims to bring to bear logic, rationalism, and other basic scientific values to the world of business management by carefully analyzing production methods and standardizing an ideal.  Let’s explore it in more detail.

What Is It?

Taylorism aims to get the most out of your workforce and reduce the general cost of labor.  To do so it puts into place systems that have been optimized, methods that can be followed by anyone.  That way – in theory – you can get the same results from unskilled labor, and pay them less.

So a Taylorist monitor might carefully analyze workers to determine what the best possible way to produce would be, based on timing and even motion studies.  From this data, an optimized method would be achieved – the best possible way to perform a given a task.  This method would be standardized, and then imitated by all employees.

Taylor gained success with his methods at the dawn of the 20th century, with factories dedicated to his production style.  However, it encountered significant opposition by the ‘10s and ‘20s, from both labor organizations who found it exploitative, and rival manufacturers who found it too limited for the exigencies of burgeoning manufacturing techniques.

Benefits

Scientific management theory tends to improve business efficiency in the short term.  By applying rigorous methods to production, it emphasizes results and disdains anything done for its own sake.  Entrenched managers with a lifestyle to maintain, workers who’d prefer to idle the day away, and production codes that waste resources are all disdainful to this view.  Often this can mean quick boosts in earning potential for the owners and managers.

Pitfalls

By seeking to define an optimal method for production and then repeating it ad nauseum, scientific management theory denies the reality of innovation: it’s an ongoing process.  There is no one best way that can be standardized, because most modern production systems are in a constant, iterative design process, constantly re-thinking and re-working business models according to the requirements of emerging technologies.

Taylorism isn’t very good at innovation, and innovation is the linchpin of today’s economy.   It doesn’t allocate many of its resources to improving business functions after they’ve been instituted, leaving companies open to the danger of fossilization.  To the small degree that it does, it’s performed from the top down – not horizontally integrated the way many exciting discoveries arise.  Low-wage drones performing mindless repetitive tasks are unable to participate in the overall success of the company, and this can stymie the creative advantage of the firm.

Conclusion

Scientific management theory is an interesting but largely outdated method of running a business.  Its intuitive points can be of some interest to modern managers, but its weaknesses – since its disappearance in the ‘30s – have become apparent.