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Scientific Management Theory

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Scientific management - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scientific management, also called Taylorism, is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflows. Its main objective is improving economic ...

Taylorism and Scientific Management - from

We know a lot about management today, and this knowledge has been built over years of study. Taylorism was one of the first theories: learn about it here.

Scientific Management: Theories, Principles & Definition - Video ...

Scientific management theory was developed in the early 20th century by Frederick W. Taylor. We will be exploring the primary principles of...

Frederick Taylor: Theories, Principles & Contributions to Management

Frederick Taylor was an inventor, an engineer, and the father of scientific management theory. You will learn about Frederick Taylor, scientific...

Scientific Management: Taylor and the Gilbreths - Boundless

Scientific management focuses on improving efficiency and output through ... Scientific management, or Taylorism, is a management theory that analyzes work  ...

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Frederick Taylor & Scientific Management - NetMBA

Frederick Taylor and scientific management, including time and motion studies and a listing of Taylor's four priniciples of scientific management.

Frederick W. Taylor and Scientific Management: Efficiency or ...

Frederick W. Taylor: Master of Scientific Management .... however, Taylor used the example of Schmidt at the Bethlehem Steel Company to test his theories.

Management Theory of Frederick Taylor -

Jun 6, 2011 ... Frederick Taylor's theory of scientific management developed techniques for improving the efficiency of the work process. Based on a ...

Scientific Management Theory and The Ford Motor Company

Saylor URL: The Saylor Foundation. Page 1 of 4. Scientific Management Theory and the Ford Motor Company. Overview.

Frederick Winslow Taylor, The Principles of Scientific Management

Under scientific management the “initiative” of the workmen (that is, their hard work, their good-will, and their ingenuity) is obtained with absolute uniformity and  ...

Taylor (scientific management) and Herzberg (2-factor theory ...

Frederick Taylor was involved with scientific management. Taylor specifically linked pay to rates of output. His theories illustrated that monetary reward was the  ...

Taylor's Scientific Management: Summary, Forum and Expert Tips

Frederick Winslow Taylor - Father of Scientific Management .... Also to interpret the theory of Taylor we must study and analyze the set of circumstances o.

A Guide to Scientific Management Theory

As its name suggests, scientific management theory was invented at a time when adding the word ‘scientific’ to a process was still novel enough to count as its own thing.  It’s also called Taylorism, after its 19th century inventor, Frederick Taylor.  Fundamentally, it’s a system for exploiting your manpower to its maximum potential and streamlining your production to improve efficiency.  It aims to bring to bear logic, rationalism, and other basic scientific values to the world of business management by carefully analyzing production methods and standardizing an ideal.  Let’s explore it in more detail.

What Is It?

Taylorism aims to get the most out of your workforce and reduce the general cost of labor.  To do so it puts into place systems that have been optimized, methods that can be followed by anyone.  That way – in theory – you can get the same results from unskilled labor, and pay them less.

So a Taylorist monitor might carefully analyze workers to determine what the best possible way to produce would be, based on timing and even motion studies.  From this data, an optimized method would be achieved – the best possible way to perform a given a task.  This method would be standardized, and then imitated by all employees.

Taylor gained success with his methods at the dawn of the 20th century, with factories dedicated to his production style.  However, it encountered significant opposition by the ‘10s and ‘20s, from both labor organizations who found it exploitative, and rival manufacturers who found it too limited for the exigencies of burgeoning manufacturing techniques.


Scientific management theory tends to improve business efficiency in the short term.  By applying rigorous methods to production, it emphasizes results and disdains anything done for its own sake.  Entrenched managers with a lifestyle to maintain, workers who’d prefer to idle the day away, and production codes that waste resources are all disdainful to this view.  Often this can mean quick boosts in earning potential for the owners and managers.


By seeking to define an optimal method for production and then repeating it ad nauseum, scientific management theory denies the reality of innovation: it’s an ongoing process.  There is no one best way that can be standardized, because most modern production systems are in a constant, iterative design process, constantly re-thinking and re-working business models according to the requirements of emerging technologies.

Taylorism isn’t very good at innovation, and innovation is the linchpin of today’s economy.   It doesn’t allocate many of its resources to improving business functions after they’ve been instituted, leaving companies open to the danger of fossilization.  To the small degree that it does, it’s performed from the top down – not horizontally integrated the way many exciting discoveries arise.  Low-wage drones performing mindless repetitive tasks are unable to participate in the overall success of the company, and this can stymie the creative advantage of the firm.


Scientific management theory is an interesting but largely outdated method of running a business.  Its intuitive points can be of some interest to modern managers, but its weaknesses – since its disappearance in the ‘30s – have become apparent.

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