Businesses use video surveillance systems for a lot more than catching shoplifters or reducing the time employees spend goofing off. "Employee monitoring is being used to increase customer satisfaction, improve employee performance, and enhance productivity," according to Kristin Morgan at St. Francis University.
Video surveillance and business security systems are now used for everything from measuring efficiency, to data security, to compliance with securities laws. The growth in employer surveillance systems is nothing less than stunning. Consider these numbers, from the American Management Association's Workplace Monitoring and Surveillance Report:
- 82 percent of managers use some type of electronic monitoring in the workplace (Tweet)
- One-third of all employees are under surveillance in the workplace (Tweet)
- 63 percent of employers monitor employee Internet connections (Tweet)
- 47 percent store and review employee e-mails (Tweet)
- 36 percent review employee computer files (Tweet)
- 15 percent use video to record employees on the job (Tweet)
- 8 percent store and review of employee voicemail messages (Tweet)
Related: Are Your Employees Time Thieves?
Employers justify their monitoring of employee activities as essential to protect the organization from unwanted actions conducted over the employer's network. The responsibility to secure the network outweighs employees' expectations for privacy in the workplace. Balancing employee privacy and business needs is essential to developing an effective and defensible monitoring program.
Improve Employee Productivity and Safety
In a recent Harris Poll, 66 percent of small business owners surveyed "believed video surveillance to be the most valuable security measure" as reported by Small Business Trends staff writer Joshua Sophy (Tweet). In addition, Louis Orbegoso, president of the small business unit of security company ADT, points out, "It's not only about security. It's about insight. The type of information [small businesses] can get is pretty interesting."
It's one thing to use video surveillance to protect against shoplifters and other criminals; it's another to use video surveillance to keep an eye on workers. "While most employees don't mind if retail establishments conduct video surveillance to guard against theft by outsiders," as the NOLO legal website points out, it's quite another thing if employees feel they themselves are under surveillance. Even though cameras can capture safety hazards, flaws in work processes, and even sexual harassment, there is still something, well, too Big-Brotherish about it.
Some states have privacy laws that limit the blanket use of video surveillance, and it's generally prohibited to use cameras in places where there is a reasonable expectation of privacy, such as a restroom or changing area. Moreover, some employers feel that installing cameras to watch employees implies mistrust, notes Angie Mohr, a blog writer at Intuit:
It can create an environment of distrust that may impact employee performance and retention [...] If an employee has to be concerned about having every motion monitored, she is less likely to be thinking out of the box or coming up with creative solutions. The ultimate result may be less productivity.
Creating an Employee Monitoring Program
That needn't be the case, however. Here's how to craft a monitoring program that can satisfy the employer's need for information security while minimize the impact on employee privacy:
- Be Upfront. Don't hide the fact that there are cameras in the workplace, that computers are monitored, or that phone calls are recorded. Explain how the monitoring protects employees and helps you help them do their work. Honest employees won't be concerned, and the dishonest ones may be discouraged and look for work elsewhere, which is what you want.
- Show Employees How Video Surveillance Works for Them. Share what you discover from analyzing the video. Use it for employee training. Ask employees to review videos for process improvement.
- Limit Use. That means keeping surveillance out of places where employees can expect some privacy, such as a break room.
It's your business. You have the right to protect it. You also have the right to record what happens on your premises, within certain legal and ethical boundaries. The majority of businesses now monitor their employees in some way. With a few simple precautions, workers can safeguard their personal privacy on the job. And employers can better protect their businesses and the people who work there.
"Reasonable monitoring and surveillance activities protect the rights of employees, create a safe work environment, protect sensitive corporate information and assets, and demonstrate compliance with federal laws," says Kristin Morgan at St. Francis University. "Establishing clearly written, uniformly enforced and reasonable monitoring policies may be the best protection for firms and employees in a time of ambiguous case law and uncertain court rulings."