A drain tile project generally includes using clay, stone or other materials to allow for water flow in a given area. Drain tile work is often done by professionals who know the tricks of the trade. Businesses might hire drain tile workers or excavators to fix a part of a site that gets flooded. Residential drain tile work is also a sizable industry as professionals prevent basements from flooding to avoid property damage. Knowing some of the key terms involved helps businesses make the right decisions for getting drain tile installations on a commercial site.
Sump pit, water outletA sump pit is a place that can serve as a repository for the water that is backing up on a property and causing problems. The place where the water goes is also called a water outlet. A sump pit is often a part of a comprehensive drain tile project.
French drainA French drain is basically a ditch lined with gravel - it is similar to a drain tile project in that it facilitates drainage, but the French drain generally looks a little different.
Standard, extra-quality and heavy duty clay drain tileClay drain tile, a common solution for subsurface drainage, is put into several categories for slightly different uses. Companies create the tile from clay soil, which is plastic when moist, but hard when fired or baked.
Illinois State's Subsurface Drainage info page.
Field drainageIn agricultural usage, field drainage helps remove excess water from the fields for better crop production. Sometimes this involves ditches, but in other cases it involves subsurface installation of perforated pipes, commonly called drain tiles because they were originally made of short pipes called clay tiles.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency discusses field drainage and the use of subsurface pipes.