Studs are an essential framing component in all commercial and residential building projects, and a variety of wood studs and metal studs are available. Wood studs, often called wall studs, are the most commonly used studs in residential construction. Metal studs, such as steel studs, are more commonly used for commercial construction projects but are gaining popularity in the residential market. Metal studs and plastic studs are also used as fasteners in the construction industry, joining a variety of building materials together.
When searching for studs, remember that:
- Metals studs are used for steel framing, which has become one of the most popular building materials over the last several years due to its durability.
- Wood studs are more flexible than steel studs and are easy to cut and install.
- Wood wall studs are typically available in 2x4 and 2x6 sizes. 2x4 studs are the most popular size.
- Accessories like stud finders can help locate wall studs.
- Welding guns may be necessary for metal studs used as fasteners.
Use metal studsThere are many benefits to using steel studs for framing purposes. Available in standard sizes and custom lengths, steel studs are perfectly straight and won't warp or bow. This helps keep walls free from cracks. In addition, steel studs are resistant to mold, fire, insects and rot.
Use wood studsWood studs are susceptible to shrinking, splitting and warping, but they are easy to cut into custom sizes. Small pieces of wood studs joined together are called finger-jointed studs, and they reduce the chances of warping, resulting in straighter studs.
Use metal studs and plastic studs as fastenersMetal studs and plastic studs are used as fasteners for a variety of purposes. For example, headed anchor studs can be used to make concrete connections because they can be welded to a flat surface; reduced base studs are designed for small clearance holes.
Invest in tools like stud findersStud finders can help you locate wall studs once drywall has covered them.
- Steel studs are generally mold resistant because they don't contain any organic materials.
- In order to make an informed decision, research the various complexities of species of wood studs before making a purchase.
- 2x4 studs are used in most commercial and residential building projects.
- Termites can damage wood studs, but they are more flexible than steel studs.