Information technology has been an important component for computer and software companies, as well as the telecommunications and electronics industries, helping companies to become efficient and productive. Network engineers have been able to develop and implement sophisticated network systems so that employees can work remotely or stream video over the network. Software developers have created applications tailored for business’ needs. To learn about information technology and how it is evolving, it is important to understand these key terms.
Information technologyInformation technology involves using hardware and software to retrieve, store, manipulate, and protect data. IT professionals, which include network engineers, network administrators, and software developers, analyze, design, develop, deploy, and manage information technology systems.
Computer hardwareComputers consist of hardware components, such as the CPU (central processing unit), RAM (random access memory), video and audio cards, hard drives, and CD-ROM drives.
National Institute of Standards and Technology provides information about computers as well as information technology.
SoftwareComputer software consists of computer data or instructions. Software can be broken down into two categories: applications software and systems software. Applications software consists of database management systems, word processors, and spreadsheets. Systems software, on the other hand, contains operating systems and utilities.
ITT to learn how software plays an important role in information technology, and in making businesses productive.