While the ideas of classical and scientific management theory were formed during the Industrial Revolution, some of the principles still apply today. Managers should become well-informed about a number of different management theories so that they can choose which styles may work best with their particular group of employees.
While classical and scientific management theories come from generally the same school of business thought, there are some distinct differences within the subgroups. First, there's classical scientific management theory which concentrates on the efficiency of the individual worker.
Classical and scientific management theory grew out of Frederick Taylor's turn-of-the-century work evaluating and improving worker productivity. Scientific management theory focuses on studying individual tasks and the workers who do them, and is typically associated with assembly-line production.
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Classical management theory, which is also known as scientific management theory, was initially developed in the early 1900s. It was developed with the intention of increasing worker productivity. Today some modern businesses are discovering the benefits of employing classical and scientific management theory.
Classical and scientific management theory is based on four main principles and can be utilized by companies of any size. The four main principles associated with the theory are that; company leadership should develop a standardized scientific method for doing each job, workers should be assigned to a job based on skill and ability, work should be planned with minimal interruptions, wage incentives should be offered to provide encouragement to employees.
These theories have been criticized in the past for creating something of an “assembly-line” mentality amongst staff. While in truth the classical management theory may not be for every business, it can be highly effective when adapted by businesses, which are based on repetitive tasks. There are management-consulting professionals who can help you determine whether adapting scientific management theory could benefit your business. Business.com is a resource that helps millions of companies around the world connect with such professionals along with other products and services. To learn more visit the links on the left.