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Articles, reports and source writings from theorists of the contigency and system school of management theory.

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Contingency Management Theory

The basic premise of Contingency Theory is that there is no one best way to lead an organization. There are too many external and internal constraints that will alter what really is the best way to lead is in a given situation.

Contingency Management Theory Basics

Contingency theory was developed by a number of key contributors to management thinking, including Fred Fiedler, Victor Vroom and Johannes Pennings, many of whom are still developing their theories today. Fiedler's contingency theory is a model that focuses on individual leadership behaviors and decision-making practices within an organization, while Vroom's models address leadership style.

Contingency Management Theory Key Terms

Contingency management theory states that there is no one right way to manage employees. Everything depends on the unique situation.

Contingency theory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Contingency theory is a class of behavioral theory that claims that there is no best ... theories such as Weber's bureaucracy and Taylor's scientific management ...

Contingency management - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For use in management theory, see Contingency theory. Contingency management or systematic use of reinforcement is a type of treatment used in the mental ...

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Contingency Theories

Do organizational internal contingencies (demographics such as age, sex, education, seniority, management level, and amount of communication training) affect ...

Contingency theory of management - SlideShare

Nov 5, 2011 ... Contingency theory of management Presentation Transcript. CONTINGENCY THEORY ARUN NAIK IST YR MBA;  “no one best way to do ...

Contingency theory - IS Theory

Nov 15, 2011 ... Four important ideas of Contingency Theory are: 1. There is no universal or one best way to manage 2. The design of an organization and its ...

Fiedler's Contingency Model - Leadership Skills Training From ...

Management Skills .... Historical Management Theories ..... With this theory, we are not using the word "contingency" in the sense of contingency planning . Here  ...

Contingency Management Theory Providers: Business.com

Business resources for Contingency Management Theory. View relevant Misc company listings, tips & advice, or describe your project and get matched with top  ...

What Is the Definition of Contingency Theory? - Ask.com

Contingency theory states that there is no one right solution for any problem; ... Contingency theory refers to any of a number of management theories such as ...

What Is Contingency Management in a Business? | Chron.com

Contingency management leads to preparedness in the event of an emergency, disaster, ... Related Reading: Definition of Structural Contingency Theory ...

Using Contingency Management Theory


Contingency management theory is one of many contemporary management theories that have come into widespread use since the 1970s. The basis for it is Fiedler's contingency theory, which combines ideas about uncertainty in the environment and external factors influencing work with context-specific features of leadership and decision-making.

One important feature to keep in mind when using contingency management theory is the idea that all activities and actions are based within a certain context. Contingency management theory helps businesses take into account the contexts of their work in order to understand their company environments and increase effectiveness.

Learn how to best implement contingency theory in your organization using the following steps:
  1. Investigate Vroom's contingency theory models and software for discovering leadership type;
  2. Use Fiedler's LPC scale to assess leadership behaviors using contingency theory;
  3. Implement contingency theory through project and contingency planning models.

Use Vroom's contingency theory software to understand leadership and decision-making

Vroom's contingency theory of leadership is easy to use in the workplace because Victor Vroom developed a number of user-friendly decision-making models available for use as contingency software programs. Vroom's contingency theories will help you use leadership decisions to map out leadership styles based on responses to contingency situations.
Vroom-Yetton-Jago Normative Decision Model, which uses contingency theories to map out leadership type based on how leaders make decisions.

Use Fiedlers' contingency theory instruments to assess leadership qualities

Fred Fiedler developed several instruments for using the contingency theory of management with leaders. The most famous instrument is the LPC scale, or Least Preferred Co-Worker scale, which asks leaders to think of their least preferred co-worker and respond to questions about his/her characteristics. Responses are used to assess leadership qualities.
University of St. Francis or Changing Minds. Access an online version of the actual LPC scale for use in your business or organization at Wiley.

Implement contingency theory for effective planning

Contingency theory in management is widely used to create a more effective planning process that accounts for and adapts to a wide range of external factors. While you can't eliminate surprises or uncertainty from the environment, learning to plan for contingency situations is useful for any organization or individual.
  • Educate or debrief all of your employees about the basic principles of contingency theory before using contingency management theory in the office. While many of the tools for using a contingency model seem straightforward, you will have much better results implementing a new way of thinking about planning and decision-making if everyone is on board and understands the basics.