Aircraft Fuel Systems Repair Key Terms
Learn some basic aircraft fuel systems vocabularyAircraft fuel systems have some industry-specific terms that you won't hear when discussing other types of vehicles. Some of these terms, like air-to-fuel ratio, make sense to most people with some knowledge of piston engines. Others, such as airframe and powerplant, may not make as much sense. Learning some of these terms will help you better understand what's going on with your company's aircraft and its fuel system.
Airframe and powerplant mechanic (A&P)
United States Department of Labor explains what an A&P does and what kind of training they receive.
Aviation jet fuelAviation jet fuel has several different incarnations. Jet-A, Jet-B, JP-4, JP-5 and JP-8 are all different types of aviation jet fuels. Each type of aviation jet fuel has a different purpose as well as distinct defining characteristics.
Aviation gasoline (AVGAS)Aviation gasoline (AVGAS) is different from aviation jet fuel. It has a higher octane rating (100) than car gasoline and has lead added to it. AVGAS is used in airplanes with piston engines.
DetonationDetonation occurs when the fuel-air mixture does not burn smoothly in the engine's cylinder, exploding because it gets too hot too fast. This can harm the cylinder in your aircraft engine.
Air-to-fuel ratioAir-to-fuel ratio, also known as A/F or AFR, refers to how much air and fuel is in the aircraft engine as it runs. Pilots can adjust the AFR with the plane's mixture.
Usable fuelUsable fuel refers to the amount of the fuel your aircraft can use. For example, your business aircraft my have a capacity for 26 gallons of fuel in each wing but the usable fuel will be slightly less.
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