Stud Bolts Key Terms
Understand the basics of stud bolt products for smarter selection of studsStud bolts (generally called studs) are screw-style bolts that are threaded at either end, one end or all the way through. Studs are essential components of industrial equipment and construction projects. They come in various types, such as single-end studs, double-end studs, tap end studs and full thread studs. Historically, wooden studs were used in construction projects. However, metal or steel studs are currently used for almost all applications, as metal and steel studs do not warp, shrink or rot.
If you want to use studs for your applications, you will need to be conversant with certain terms that you will hear from professionals in the fasteners industry. This guide will introduce you to some key terms, such as thread angle, thread pitch, major diameter, minor diameter, metric threads and acme threads.
Thread pitchThread pitch (or pitch) is the distance from a point on a screw thread to the corresponding point on the next thread measured parallel to the axis of the stud.
Major diameterMajor diameter is another important specification of an industrial stud bolt. Major diameter can be defined as the diameter of an imaginary cylinder parallel with the crests of the threads.
Minor diameterMinor diameter is the diameter of an imaginary cylinder that just touches the roots of the stud threads.
Acme threadsAcme threads are threads that are trapezoidal and have thread angles of 29° or 30°. Cutting acme threads is easier, so studs with acme threads are generally cheaper than those with metric threads. However, acme threads have lower efficiency. Acme threads come in three classes: general purpose, centralizing and stub acme.
Metric threadsMetric threads are square shaped threads and are difficult to manufacture. For studs, metric threads come in two types: coarse threads and fine threads.
Self looseningDue to vibration of stud bolts or equipment that contains these bolts, a stud might become loose. This action is not desirable, as it can lead to failure of fastened equipment.
Left or right hand threadsThis specification indicates the direction of winding of an industrial stud. A left hand thread, when viewed axially, winds in a counterclockwise direction and inversely, a right hand thread, when viewed axially, winds in a clockwise direction. The thread direction is generally right hand, unless indicated specifically.
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