Steel enters a heating and melting process before it becomes usable for everyday objectsAlloy steels and specialty steels come in thousands of grades. Steel manufacturers produce the materials for car automotive parts, construction parts for bridges or buildings and appliances such as dishwashers and refrigerators. Specialty steels are also used to make protective gear and surgical instruments. Popular types of steel include carbon, stainless and alloy steels. Others, such as iron- and carbon-based tool steels, are used to form cutting blades or chisels, and apply to shock-resistant and high-speed processes.
Two basic methods of steel processing include blast furnace and electric arc furnace techniques. Blast furnaces convert coke, iron ore and limestone into a hot liquid metal before transforming it to steel. Electric arc furnaces produce molten steel in batch quantities. Steel suppliers offer different types of steel such as semi-finished, finished, flat and long steel products. Examples of semi-finished and finished products include steel blocks, tubes and plates. Flat products range from plate steel for shipbuilding to strip steel used for refrigerators. Long steel products are rods used in concrete or bars used in engineering projects.
1. Determine the necessity of steel for your project or product.
2. Find related equipment and supplies before using steel.
3. Pick steel products as rolls, sheets or bars.
Decide what your objective is for using steel
Find the right supplies to make steel or use it with other instrumentsHaving the right equipment and accessories help you execute your steel-related project or to make your own steel.
Choose steel in different formsSpecialty steels and alloy steels are usually available as sheets, rolls, plates, blocks or bars.
- Since steel is durable and requires little energy to produce, the material is recyclable. Steel features magnetic properties that can be easily recovered from waste to be recycled. Steel fabricators promote recycling as a way to save energy and to reduce environmental pollution.
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