Forging is shaping metal by compression. Forging refines the grain structure of the metal and improves its physical properties by aligning the crystals of the metal with the direction of the force put on the finished piece. When you forge metal into shape, the final product is stronger than cast or machined parts.
Metals can be either cold-forged or hot-forged. When you use hot forging, you reduce the likelihood of the metal cracking. You must hot forge some metals such as iron. You can forge metals of different strengths and weights up to 170 metric tons. Many options exist for forging, and you'll want to choose the one that best fits your needs. Consider a few basic points about the forging industry in your decision-making process:
1. Look for tried and true companies that have experience with forging metals for your industry.
2. Consider outsourcing to an overseas forging company through a local distributor to save money.
3. Know your options if more than one type of forging will work for your product.
Find forging services for your particular industryTaking an industry-driven approach to your forging needs can benefit your business. A forging company that specializes in your own industry will be more efficient and knowledgeable about what you need.
Check out international options for metal forgingIf you're focused on cost-efficient production, buying outsourced forgings from overseas might be the way to go. Find an American distributor that can facilitate your purchase. Such companies often act as liaisons between foreign manufacturers and their customers.
Learn about what kinds of forging you can use for your productSome forging companies specialize in one kind of forging, such as closed die forging. Others do it all, including hot or cold forging, closed or open die forging, upset forging and others. If you're not sure what kind would be best for your product and company budget, contact several companies that offer a variety of options.
- Consult with a forging engineer to get an idea of what type of forging will best fit your needs.