Today, high pressure pumps find applications in various industries, including chemical, paint, food processing, automobile, electronics and construction industries. These pumps are useful for operating boilers and even as bilge pumps on boats.
While interacting with pump manufacturers or suppliers, you will need to be conversant with the technical terms that state the specifications and types of high pressure pumps. This guide intends to familiarize you with the key terms of high pressure pumps, such as viscosity, pump head, NPSH, pH, pump actuators, BEP flow and PSI.
ViscosityViscosity of the fluid is an important parameter for the design and performance of a high pressure pump. Viscosity indicates the resistance of the fluid to flow. The more viscous the liquid, the lower its flowing rate will be.
Pump headWhen a high pressure pump operates, the liquid moves rapidly inside the pump. The force of this moving liquid exerts tremendous pressure. This pressure, measured in feet, is pump head.
NPSH (Net Positive Suction Head)NPSH is defined as the absolute pressure of a fluid at the pump inlet minus the vapor pressure of the liquid.
pHpH of the system fluid is an important consideration in the selection of materials for a high pressure pump. pH is the measure of the acidity or basicity of a solution.
Utah State University Cooperative Extension, an informative website by the Utah State University.
Pump actuatorsPump actuators are the mechanical devices that activate the movement of a pump powered by electric signals. The actuators control the flow of fuel into the engine by controlling the movement of the valve to let the fuel in.
PSI (Pound per Square Inch)PSI is the unit of pressure resulting from a force of one pound to an area of one square-inch.
High pressure centrifugal pumpsA centrifugal pump is a pumping device that works on the simple principle of centrifugal force. A high pressure centrifugal pump is used for applications that require high discharge pressure.
High pressure screw pumpA screw pump has an internal mechanism shaped like a screw that is used to create the vacuum action. High pressure screw pumps are designed to be fully immersed in a fluid during operation. It's important to never run a high pressure pump without liquid.
Pumps & Systems, a magazine for the pump and rotating equipment industry.