Business owners who need to store a large amount of water or chemicals should familiarize themselves with the storage tanks basics in order to select the best tank for their application. Hazardous chemicals, such as petroleum and oil, must be stored in tanks specifically designed for that purpose. Water storage is more flexible, although the wrong storage tank can contaminate a fresh supply of drinking water.
Storage tanks can be in both standard and custom shapes and sizes. When choosing a tank, it's important to know what size tank is necessary to store the necessary gallons of fluid. While learning the basics of storage tanks, consider the following:
1. Review the best materials for storing water and hazardous chemicals.
2. Become familiar with the requirements for owning oil or gasoline storage tanks.
3. Explore the options of portable water storage.
Learn the materials commonly used to make storage tanksStorage tanks are constructed from a variety of materials, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The most common materials are plastic, steel and fiberglass. Plastic tanks are ideal for water storage because of their affordability and versatility. Gasoline storage tanks are often stainless steel because of the materials resistance to corrosion. Fiberglass storage tanks require very little maintenance.
Know the federal requirements for operating large storage tanksLarge storage tanks are classified as either underground or above ground. Governmental agencies closely monitor both underground and above ground storage tanks when the tanks contain fuel, oil and other hazardous chemicals. Gasoline and oil storage tanks must adhere to strict federal requirements regardless of if their placement is underground or above ground.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Read about the federal requirements for aboveground storage tanks used for hazardous chemicals at the Federal Facilities Environmental Stewardship and Compliance Assistance Center.
Review the various portable water tank optionsPortable water tanks are frequently used for temporary storage. Water tanks inflated prior to use are pillow tanks or onion tanks. Onion tanks have an open top. Portable water storage tanks that fit in the bed of a pick-up truck are a popular option when the water must be at various locations.
- A plastic water tank must be a dark opaque color or algae and bacteria will naturally grow within the tank.