Fire hoses are high-pressure hoses designed to carry a fire retardant, like water, from a fire engine or a fire hydrant. They are primarily used by fire departments to stop fires. In some places they were also used as water cannons to assist with crowd control.
Made from synthetic fabrics and elastomers, modern fire hoses are manufactured to be lightweight to reduce strain on firefighters. They are also made to resist environmental damage that comes from being in sunlight, exposed to chemicals, and wet storage.
There are several different kinds of fire hoses. The attack hose transports water from the pumper to the nozzle. Supply and relay hoses are designed to transport water over long distances. Forestry hoses are specifically used to fight fires located in rough terrains where maneuverability is critical.
Booster hoses are made from rubber and have thick walls. These are used to fight small fires. Finally, a suction hose uses a vacuum to suck water out of sources that have no water pressure like lakes and rivers.
Fire hoses are manufactured in specialty plants and must adhere to strict quality controls. The trend in manufacturing is to produce lighter hoses using low-maintenance materials.
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