The Black-Scholes option-pricing model is a very useful and easy to implement tool for options trading. Finance professionals use the Black Scholes model to price European style call and put options. To implement the Black Scholes option pricing formula, the following inputs are required: the exercise price of the option, the time to maturity, the risk-free rate of interest, the current price of the underlying asset and the price of the option.
Since the option price is an input, what is the value of a formula that calculates option prices? Option prices are set in markets through supply and demand. The Black Scholes option-pricing model is useful because it allows you to calculate the implied volatility of the underlying asset. This is the only parameter of the model that is unobserved in the market. To create your Black Scholes Excel model, follow these steps:
1. Learn to interpret the Black Scholes option-pricing model.
2. Find a source for the necessary data.
3. Create the formula in Excel.
Understand the Black Scholes option formulaThere are numerous ways to use the Black Scholes model. First, you can use it to calculate the implied volatility of an option. For trading purposes, you can compare the volatility of the underlying asset.
Find a source for the data so you can create an Excel sheet that updates automaticallyOnly some of the Black Scholes Excel model information needs to be updated using external data. You will need a source for the stock price and the call price. The time to expiry reduces by one every day, and the exercise price is fixed for European options.
Create the Black Scholes Option Pricing Model spreadsheet in your workbookAfter you have settled on a constant format for your Black Scholes option pricing model information, you need to create the formula. You can use Excel's built-in statistical formulas to calculate two variables. Then you will need to calculate the implied volatility of the options you are examining. You can automate this by using the "Solver" function in Excel.
- Remember, the Black Scholes option-pricing model is for European calls and puts. Most other options require a different approach, but you can use the Black Scholes model effectively for American call options as well as American put options on non-dividend paying stock.