Many companies set up networks in the office to share files and Internet service. When setting up or updating your network, you will have to shop for networking hardware. For someone who is not familiar with network systems this task can be daunting. There are many words and phrases used by hardware companies that can be confusing, especially for someone new to networking. Learning what networking hardware key terms mean allow you to shop with ease and purchase the appropriate hardware for your system.
A group of computers and their accessories, such as printers, that are connected together by a server is a LAN, or local area network. A local area network allows you to share files and programs with other computers on the network.
E-MTA, or Embedded-Multimedia Terminal Adapter, connects a cable modem to a phone line to provide a combination voice and IP transfer. An E-MTA provides a dial tone for VoIP calls.
A Femtocell, or wireless access point station, is a device that enhances wireless and cell phone signals in an office building. Femtocells are commonly used with VoIP and Wi-Fi Connections.
A router is a device that is used to connect the LAN and the ISP, or Internet service provider. A router allows you to have one Ethernet or cable modem and connect it to multiple computers, thereby giving more than one computer Internet access.
Ethernet is a type of cable or wire used to connect networks. An ethernet cable is thicker than a phone cord and is the most common cable used in LANs. Ethernet cables can transmit up to 100 MBPS.
VoIP, or Voiceover Internet Protocol, allows users to make phone calls via their computer by using their Internet access as a phone line. VoIP refers to the hardware and software used to make the calls.