Euthanasia is a difficult and controversial topic. Knowing ethics of euthanasia key terms helps you coherently discuss the topic with others and allows you to clearly express your own beliefs.
Understand what lawyers and doctors talk about by studying up on ethics of euthanasia key terms. Use this understanding to your own advantage as you probe for further insight in the area or as you communicate with other experts in the field on this topic.
EuthanasiaThis is the term for allowing a person to die without stopping them, or even ending a person's life intentionally. With euthanasia, the person dies as a result of an attempt to relieve pain or as an act of mercy or respect for the patient's dignity.
BeneficenceMany people believe euthanasia is an act of beneficence. This means they try to do good and remove harm from a patient.
Active voluntary euthanasiaThis is the term used when a suffering patient asks a physician to end his or her life by using a lethal injection.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy offers a dictionary detailing the definition of voluntary euthanasia, introducing the topic then going into greater depth on the subject. It links to sites that discuss candidacy and moral principles related to the topic.
Active euthanasiaActive euthanasia is a direct or intentional end to life in a human either due to a patient's request or without a request.
Passive euthanasiaThis is the terminology used when a patient is allowed to die by letting a disease run its course without interference or by taking away treatments and medication.
Involuntary EuthanasiaAlthough very similar to murder, involuntary euthanasia is slightly different. It is the term for killing a person who wants to live, but is overruled in extreme cases for a mercy killing.
NRLC Department of Medical Ethics offers a paper detailing the increase of involuntary euthanasia. It cites examples of those for involuntary euthanasia, as well as those against it.