Doing business in a global economy means adhering to export rules and regulations. The Department of Commerce's Bureau of Export Administration (BXA) governs certain commercial exports. Knowing the rules set forth by the BXA is not just a suggestion--it's a very important responsibility. Non-compliance with BXA rules can net serious consequences. While an attorney can help you with the legalese, it's on you to learn your obligations. To help you get started, consider the following key terms and resources.
Export Administration RegulationsExport Administration Regulations (EAR) governs the control of exports and includes anti-boycott law provisions. Set up to protect national security and forge foreign policy, the EAR works through multilateral control agreements. Special provisions are set up to control the export of weapons.
Bureau of Export Administration gives an overview of Export Administration Regulations and the history behind it.
Office of Export EnforcementThe Office of Export Enforcement, or OEE, conducts investigations in regard to EAR compliance. Not only does the office have the right to make arrests and conduct search warrants, it can also issue temporary denial orders. These orders deny an exporter's privileges for ongoing EAR violations.
Bureau of Industry and Security explains the Office of Export Enforcement's role.
Shipper's export declarationA shipper's export declaration is a specific form required for all shipments. The shipper must declare the value, weight, destination and other required information on the form. The U.S. Treasury Department oversees these declarations.
Pre-license checksNot only are all export licenses subject to intense scrutiny, in some instances, the Office of Export Enforcement conducts pre-license checks. This is when the office checks the actual transaction for accuracy, including determining the validity of the destination.
Post-shipment verificationsA post-shipment verification is a process in which the U.S. government confirms that the shipment you export is used according to EAR regulations and the terms of the shipper's export license.
U.S. Government Accountability Office points out the limitations of a post-shipment verification system.