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The Best Credit Card Processors of 2023

Jennifer Dublino
Contributing Writer
| Updated
Feb 24, 2023

Which credit card processor is right for your business in 2023? We review the top-rated services.

Best for POS
Industry-specific POS tools
Sleek POS hardware
No early termination fee
Best for Flexible Pricing
Flat-rate pricing
98% approval rate
Dedicated account manager
Best for Subscription Pricing
Choice of plans and features
No percentage markup on interchange
Deposit of funds next day
Best for High-Volume Transactions 
Subscription-based pricing
Wholesale processing rates
Variety of hardware options

Best for Quick Payouts
visit site
Funds as soon as same day
24/7 support
No monthly fees
Which credit card processor is right for your business in 2023? We review the top-rated services.

The Best Credit Card Processor Providers

To help you find the best credit card processing company for your small business, we researched the top processors. The best processors have low fees, make it simple to get paid, and provide customer support when you need it. When choosing our top processors, we looked for providers that have transparent pricing, low rates, few fees, month-to-month or pay-as-you-go contracts, and multiple support channels. Read on to learn more about these payment processors and why we chose them, along with information on pricing, features, and contracts for credit card processing.

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How We Decided
Our team spends weeks evaluating dozens of business solutions to identify the best options. To stay current, our research is regularly updated.

Compare Our Best Picks

Credit card processorBest forPricing modelMonthly feesContract term24/7 supportPCI compliance feeE-commerce supportVariety of payment typesReporting toolsPayoutEarly termination fee
HelcimAll-in-one platformInterchange-plusNoMonth to monthNoNoYesYesYes2 business daysNo
ChaseQuick payoutsFlat rateNoMonth to month (unless you get free equipment)YesNoYesYesYesSame daySometimes
CloverPOSSubscription plus flat rateYesMonth to monthYesYesYesYesYes1-3 daysNo
StaxSubscription pricingSubscription, wholesale interchange-plusYesMonth to monthYesNoYesYesYes, but varies by planNext business dayNo
Merchant OneFlexible pricingSubscription plus flat rateYes3 yearsYesNoYesYesYesNext business daySometimes
Payment DepotHigh-volume businessesSubscription, wholesale interchange-plusYesMonth to monthYesNoYesYesYesN/ANo
SquareStartupsFlat rateNoMonth to monthNoNoYesYesYes2-3 business daysNo
National ProcessingLow processing ratesSubscription, interchange-plusYesVariableYes (by email or chat but not phone)YesYesYesYesDelay at first, but then 1-3 business daysYes
ProMerchantHigh-risk businessesChoice of subscription and interchange-plus or zero-cost planYesMonth to monthYesYesYesYesYesN/ANo
PaysafeE-commerceSubscription plus flat rateYesMonth to monthNoYesYesYesYes, but varies by planUndisclosed, but immediate with eCash and Rapid TransferYes
FlagshipFlexible contractsFlat rate and interchange-plusYesMonth to monthNoYesYesYesYesN/ANo

Our Reviews

Clover Credit Card Processing: Best Credit Card Processor for POS

Clover has a full-featured POS system, with POS hardware resold by many other processors.
The POS capabilities are also available on its mobile app and virtual terminal.
Clover has some added costs, such as a monthly platform fee and an application fee.

Clover’s POS software and hardware are the standard in the industry and resold by many other payment processors. Since the POS system is proprietary to Clover, it’s an opportunity to get your processing service and equipment from the same company for more comprehensive customer support. The Clover software can help you run your entire business, including your sales and payments, inventory management, and staffing. It also integrates with over 500 third-party apps, so there is no time-consuming downloading and uploading of data between your various software programs. For these reasons, we’ve chosen Clover as the best credit card processor for POS integration.

Editor’s score: 8.8/10

Some of our favorite Clover features are its customer and marketing tools. You can use the platform to ask for customer feedback, create customer profiles, and email your customers personalized offers based on their purchase histories. Customers who opt to get their receipts by text are automatically enrolled in your SMS marketing (which they can opt out of) and rewards program. Clover also enables you to offer your customers both physical and digital gift cards.

Clover also offers a “buy now pay later” (BNPL) option through Synchrony SetPay. This enables business owners to accelerate growth and potentially expand their customer base to those who prefer to pay in installments. The Synchrony app is available on the Clover App Marketplace.

A good portion of Clover’s merchants are restaurants, so it offers a variety of restaurant-specific tools, such as online ordering capabilities, takeout, and curbside pickup. One of its many integrations is with DoorDash, to streamline ordering.

Clover has three pricing plans that range from $9.95 to $49.90 per month. The processing rates vary from 2.3% to 3.5% + $0.10 per transaction. Additional POS stations cost $9.95 per month.

Read Clover Credit Card Processing Review

Merchant One: Best Credit Card Processor for Flexible Pricing

Merchant One has a 98% approval rate and a quick application process.
It can work with businesses of all sizes and various credit scores.
You must speak to a sales representative to get the exact transaction rates.

Merchant One provides merchant solutions for businesses of all sizes and adjusts its pricing based on merchant qualifications such as size, industry, or credit, earning our best pick for flexible pricing. It provides a wide range of services, including entire POS systems with terminals and credit card readers that attach wirelessly to your iOS or Android devices. It also is willing to approve small businesses that its rivals are likely to turn down and has a quick turnaround of funds. With all these perks, Merchant One earned our best pick for flexible pricing.

Editor’s score: 8.5/10

Merchant One doesn’t think a low credit score or a complicated application process should prevent you from running a business. It looks at more than an applicant’s credit score – in fact, it boasts a 98% approval rate.

Merchant One’s rates range from 0.29% to 1.99% per keyed-in transaction and 0.29% to 1.55% per card-present transaction, on top of the interchange rates. It also charges a monthly fee starting at $6.95, plus an annual $99 fee.

Merchant One is a reseller of Clover POS hardware, which makes it an alternative to Square. Recently, Clover parent company Fiserv announced that it would acquire Merchant One, which will likely bring even more integration between the two systems. Merchant One also provides high-speed processing, supports gift and loyalty card programs, and offers the ability to launch text message marketing campaigns. Its e-commerce offering has many more features, including a free shopping cart and remote access. Merchant One has 24/7 customer support and provides you with a dedicated account manager to help you throughout the setup process.

Read Merchant One Review

Stax: Best Credit Card Processor for Subscription Pricing

Stax offers a choice of membership-based wholesale pricing or a flat-rate plan.
With e-commerce transactions, the payment type that is least expensive to the merchant is displayed first.
The monthly subscription rates can make processing expensive for lower-volume businesses.

Unlike most payment processors, Stax offers a subscription-based pricing model, with low interchange-plus rates. We like how it folds all of the fees into one payment, and you can choose a subscription plan that has the functionality you need. It’s for these reasons and more that we’ve chosen Stax as the best credit card processor for subscription pricing. 

Editor’s score: 8.4/10

Stax has three plans – Pro, Growth and Ultimate – ranging from $99 to $199 per month, and each plan includes different functions in the software. For example, the Pro plan includes an invoice generator, while the Growth plan does not – and unlike those two plans, the Ultimate plan has catalog management tools and the card-on-file auto-updater. Processing rates for all plans are 0% + $0.08 above interchange for cards accepted in person and 0% + $0.15 above interchange for mobile card reader, virtual terminal, and online transactions.

The Stax software allows small and midsize businesses to manage their income and expenses, from sales and payments to inventory and staffing levels. The detailed reports can help you allocate resources and repurchase inventory for the maximum efficiency and lowest cost. One of the features we liked is the ability to see how many new versus returning customers you have and the calculation of a customer’s lifetime value. 

When a customer pays their invoice, Stax notifies you in real time, eliminating the need for you to check periodically. On e-commerce payment pages, the system also displays the payment method with the lowest merchant fees first, encouraging your customers to choose that method. We like this function because it helps minimize your processing fees. Stax can integrate with your shopping cart if you have an existing e-commerce site, which is a nice bonus.

Read Stax Review

Payment Depot: Best Credit Card Processor for High-Volume Transactions 

Payment Depot offers membership-based pricing, which can reduce processing fees for high-volume businesses.
Payment Depot has month-to-month contracts with no early termination fee.
Because of the monthly fee, seasonal businesses could end up paying more when volume is down.

If your business processes a large number of payments each month, Payment Depot could be the right option for you. It has three plans: Starter for $59 per month, Starter Plus for $79 per month, and Growth for $99 per month. When you make a sale, you only pay the wholesale interchange rates, rather than interchange plus a markup, like most credit card processors charge. Payment Depot does charge a fixed transaction fee of 5 to 15 cents. It also has a fixed cost for processing, which can help with your financial planning. All of this makes Payment Depot our best pick for businesses with high transaction volumes. 

Editor’s score: 8.5/10

The higher your credit card sales volume, the more you could save with Payment Depot. However, this model may not work for businesses with lower or seasonal transactions, since they have to pay the monthly fee regardless of their sales.

Payment Depot’s agreement is month-to-month, with no early termination fee. The difference between the plans appears to be the processing volume of the client business, with lower flat transaction fees for higher transaction volumes. Payment Depot is less than transparent about the features you get with the membership plans, but we did find that it uses a gateway called PayTrace for B2B merchants, which gets them lower interchange rates on business cards. It also gives you a merchant account – which you need in order to accept payments online or in person, so that’s a nice benefit.

We like Payment Depot’s selection of card readers and POS hardware – it sells Clover and Vital Select POS equipment and Clover, First Data, Dejavoo, Poynt, and SwipeSimple credit card terminals. It also offers a virtual terminal. Transactions settled by 8:30 p.m. EST are paid the following day, which is faster than most other credit card processors.

High-volume small businesses want a processor that can handle a lot of credit card transactions without overcharging. Payment Depot checks off both boxes. It’s one of the few players in the credit card processing market to offer membership-based pricing with wholesale rates. On top of that, there are no lengthy contracts or early termination fees to worry about.

Read Payment Depot Review

Chase Payment Solutions: Best Credit Card Processor for Quick Payouts

Since it is an acquiring bank, Chase has the fastest payouts in the industry.
Chase caters to the healthcare field with HIPAA-compliant payment solutions and integration with practice management software.
Chase's rates are higher than many other credit card processors' rates.
visit site

Chase is one of the largest banks in the United States, with the claim that nearly 50% of Americans have a Chase account. It’s also an acquiring bank, which means that it issues credit cards. Both of these factors mean that Chase’s merchants can get their money much quicker than they would with other processors. Since there is no middleman, high-volume businesses can effectively negotiate lower interchange-plus rates.

Editor’s score: 7.8/10

Chase has high credit card processing rates compared to many other processors: 2.6% + $0.10 for in-person transactions, 2.9% + $0.25 for online transactions, and 3.5% + $0.10 for keyed-in transactions. 

In some circumstances, transactions processed by 5 p.m. PST can be credited to your account the same day, which we find appealing. Merchants with a Chase business checking account can get their funds faster than other merchants on average.

Chase has two hardware options: the smart terminal wireless unit with an LED screen for $399 and the QuickAccept mobile reader for $49.95. You may be subject to an early termination fee if you get free equipment from Chase and cancel before your term expires.

We like that Chase has a 24/7 help desk as well as copious information in its online Merchant Support Center.

Read Chase Payment Solutions Review

Square: Best Credit Card Processor for Startups

For the basic service, all you pay are processing rates. There are no monthly or annual maintenance fees.
The app, available for both iPhones and Android phones, includes a full suite of POS features.
It charges a per-transaction fee as part of its in-person processing rate, which makes small tickets more expensive to process.
visit site

Square is the simplest credit card processor we examined. Nearly any business – whether a startup, high-risk business, or even one owned by someone with no previous business experience – can apply and be approved, making this the best credit card processor for startups concerned about rejection due to their short track records.

Editor’s score: 8.4/10

Square has flat processing rates of 2.6% + $0.10 for in-person payments, 2.9% + $0.30 for online payments, and 3.5% + $0.15 for keyed-in transactions. There are no monthly fees of any kind, tiered plans, or different rates for different kinds of cards. This kind of pricing means no surprises, which we like – especially for startups, as they tend to start out with tight budgets and relatively few sales. However, this pricing model can get expensive once your business grows and is producing a higher monthly transaction volume.

Customers get a free Square POS app and free digital gift cards. Square has excellent integration with e-commerce platforms and hundreds of other third-party apps. For brick-and-mortar businesses, meanwhile, it offers attractive and highly functional POS hardware. However, as this is Square’s proprietary hardware, you will need to purchase new equipment if you move to another processor.

Square also has robust POS software with various features, including employee management, customer management, and specialized functions for any type of restaurant. Service-based businesses can benefit from Square’s appointment scheduling and digital estimates, while the retail POS modules include inventory management and e-commerce integration for multichannel sales. Square has also integrated Tap to Pay on the Apple iPhone into its own app. This means that you can accept contactless payments without additional hardware.

Square also offers its full suite of hardware, software and services in Spanish for U.S. business owners. The 4.7 million Hispanic-owned businesses will now be able to access payment solutions in their own language. Additionally, Square has bolstered its contingent of Spanish-speaking customer service reps.

In addition, U.S. sellers can take advantage of Square’s Tap to Pay option. The new feature allows merchants with the Square app to accept contactless payments from customers from Apple Pay, credit cards and other digital wallets. With consumer preferences shifting toward contactless payments, Square’s updates allow business owners to keep up with the latest technology.

For an additional charge of $15 to $35 per month, you can get integrated email marketing, text message marketing and coupon redemption, and reports on your marketing efforts. We like how Square supports multiple aspects of your business, not just your payment processing needs.


Helcim: Best Credit Card Processor All-in-One Platform

Helcim gives its merchants free software that includes inventory, customer, and employee management and acts as a POS system.
Helcim has interchange-plus pricing with no monthly fees.
The hardware offerings are limited, so you may need additional equipment from a third party.
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In addition to being a top payment processor, Helcim can support your business in numerous other ways. Its software has advanced capabilities such as POS services, customer management, inventory management, and employee tracking and management – functions that some other processors only include in their more expensive plans. This versatile platform earns Helcim our pick for the best all-in-one credit card processor.

Editor’s score: 9.2/10

Helcim only provides one hardware option, but its software can be installed on computers, tablets, or laptops for an inexpensive full-featured POS system. Helcim also gives new merchants a free hosted online store, the ability to set up online food ordering, and custom QR codes. It supports recurring billing, invoicing and subscription payments. All of these offerings from one vendor can be a huge boon for businesses looking for an all-in-one processing service. 

Helcim has low and transparent interchange-plus rates with no monthly fees. The few fees it does have, such as the chargeback fee (a standard fee in the industry), are lower than average. But it’s definitely not a “no-frills” service – it offers more functionality than many other credit card processors, all at no additional charge.

Helcim’s credit card processing rates are 0.3% + $0.08 above interchange for card-present transactions, 0.5% + $0.25 above interchange for online payments and keyed-in transactions, and 0.5% + $0.25 above interchange for international transactions. It charges a low rate for ACH transactions too – 0.5% + $0.25. Merchants with high transaction volumes can negotiate an even lower rate.

The application process only takes a few minutes, and many get approved by the next day. Helcim does not accept high-risk businesses, though. Also, there is no long-term contract; you can cancel at any time with no early termination fee. 

Helcim recently introduced new credit card reader stands in multiple colors: pink, purple and yellow. These new stands are designed to give merchants the opportunity to add some colorful options to their credit card processing equipment in an effort to help them stand out from the competition. The new card readers cost $109.

Read Helcim Review

ProMerchant: Best Credit Card Processor for High-Risk Businesses

ProMerchant accepts high-risk businesses that many processors would reject.
With the Zero Cost plan, retailers and restaurants can automatically pass along processing costs to customers.
ProMerchant is a relatively new company, without an extensive track record to inspire confidence.

ProMerchant’s application process is quick and easy; most merchants get a decision within 24 hours of applying. Unlike many other processors, ProMerchant accepts high-risk businesses and those whose owners have a low credit score. If you’re approved, equipment is overnighted to you, and your business can start accepting payments within 72 hours. All this makes ProMerchant our best pick for high-risk businesses.

Editor’s score: 8.6/10

ProMerchant has a month-to-month agreement with no early cancellation fees. You can choose between interchange-plus rates and the Zero Cost plan. To learn the rates for your business, though, you have to talk to one of the company’s representatives. 

The innovative Zero Cost plan automatically passes along the processing cost to customers, effectively eliminating this cost for the merchant. However, you would still have to pay any monthly or incidental fees. Not all processors offer this option, so we like how ProMerchant stands out here. Only retailers and restaurants qualify for the Zero Cost plan, though.

ProMerchant gives you a free smart terminal when you sign up. It also sells mobile credit card readers and Clover POS systems – you can learn more about these systems in our complete Clover POS review. Transactions settled by 8:30 p.m. EST are paid the following day, which is a faster turnaround than most other credit card processors we examined offer.


National Processing: Best Credit Card Processor for Low Processing Rates

National Processing has low interchange-plus rates.
Customers receive a rate-lock guarantee that ensures their rates don't increase.
National Processing charges a PCI compliance fee.

We chose National Processing as the best credit card processor for low processing rates because its interchange-plus rates are very low and it has a rate-lock guarantee, which means your rates won’t increase during your contract. Best of all, these low rates are available to a wide range of merchants: National Processing accepts new and high-risk businesses as well as established ones, and there’s no monthly minimum processing requirement to shut out low-volume sellers.

Editor’s score: 7.6/10

National Processing has different rate plans, which cost $9.95 a month. Restaurants pay 0.14% + $0.07 above interchange per transaction; retailers pay 0.18% + $0.10 above interchange; nonprofits pay 0.12% + $0.06; and e-commerce companies pay 0.3% + $0.15 above interchange. There are no long-term contracts; in fact, National Processing is so confident in its pricing that it will pay you $500 if it can’t beat your current rate. Unfortunately, it does charge multiple additional fees, some of which – such as the PCI compliance fee and early termination fee – are higher than average. 

National Processing offers point-of-sale equipment from Clover, a well-known brand in the POS market. Another aspect of National Processing that appeals to us is its customer support. It gives you a dedicated account executive whom you can reach Monday through Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. MT or by email. It also provides live chat options and 24/7 tech support.

Read National Processing Review

Flagship Merchant Services: Best Credit Card Processor for Flexible Contracts

Flagship offers month-to-month service to all of its customers and doesn't charge a cancellation fee, so long as the merchant did not get any free equipment.
Merchants have a choice of interchange-plus or tiered processing rates.
The contract has a vague "additional services" clause that you must opt out of within 30 days to avoid a monthly fee for services you don't want.

Flagship Merchant Services is a full-service payment processing company that allows merchants to take payments online, in person, by mail and over the phone. Flagship offers merchant account services to all of its customers on a month-to-month basis and doesn’t charge a cancellation fee. In contrast, standard merchant processing contracts have three-year terms with a short cancellation window of 30 to 90 days before automatically renewing for additional one- or two-year terms. They also have early termination fees to discourage you from exiting your contract before the term expires, some with “liquidated damages” clauses that make it very expensive to cancel. That’s why Flagship is our best pick for flexible contracts.

Editor’s score: 7.8/10

Flagship does not publish its rates online. Instead, it says it tailors the pricing to each merchant’s individual needs. Flagship is so confident in its competitive rates that it hands out $200 American Express gift cards if it cannot meet or beat competing offers.

New merchants can choose a free Clover Mini POS unit or EMV-certified terminal. All Flagship terminals accept chip (EMV) and tap (NFC) payments from NFC-enabled credit cards and digital wallets like Apple Pay and Google Pay. Flagship also sells other Clover hardware, such as the Clover Station for POS and the Clover Go mobile reader, as well as Verifone credit card readers.

Every Flagship merchant account has iAccess, an online portal where you can see your transactions and e-statements. You can also use iAccess to find how-to videos and other self-service tools. Another benefit Flagship offers merchants is its programs for branded gift cards and customer loyalty rewards


Paysafe: Best Credit Card Processor for E-Commerce Businesses 

Paysafe offers more forms of payment than any other processor, including eCash and Rapid Transfer, all of which can be used online.
Paysafe accepts over 100 currencies worldwide.
Paysafe does not post its rates and fees online, requiring you to contact the company for a quote.

Most payment processors only accept credit cards for online purchases, but some customers do not have a credit card. Paysafe is our pick for the best e-commerce payment processor because it enables you to sell to these customers too.

Editor’s score: 7.8/10

While Paysafe allows you to accept credit cards like other processors do, it also lets you offer some innovative payment choices to your customers. One example is the eCash card, which enables customers without a credit card or bank to use a prepaid account with a 16-digit code. Payments with eCash are 100% guaranteed, with no risk of chargebacks.

Another interesting Paysafe payment method is Rapid Transfer. This lets your customers pay instantly by logging in to their online banking account – without leaving your website. They don’t need to download anything, and their bank handles the security encryption. This means you don’t have to wait for a batch payment to be credited in a day or two. We didn’t find this option in many of the other credit card processors we researched. In addition to eCash, Rapid Transfer, and credit cards, you can accept PayPal, Skrill, Neteller, Apple Pay, Google Pay, and over 100 different currencies with Paysafe. This wide selection is a significant benefit to e-commerce businesses that operate internationally.

Paysafe supports online invoicing, recurring payments and memberships. It’s not only online businesses that can use its service, though: Paysafe also provides in-person payment processing through Clover’s equipment, including its POS hardware.


Buying Guide

Credit Card Processing Rates

Credit card processing rates are typically expressed as a percentage of the sale plus a small per-transaction fee. Most rates average 2% to 4% of each transaction. The processor considers several factors to determine the processing fees it charges you, including your monthly processing volume, your average ticket size, your business’s industry and your processing history. It may also consider your business and personal credit.

The credit card processing industry is very competitive. Companies want to work with you, especially if you’ve been in business a few years and process a high volume of payments each month. Many are open to negotiating a deal with you and advertise that they’re willing to meet or beat your current rates. But first, you need to understand what costs go into credit card processing rates and which are negotiable. All rates have three parts:

  • Interchange fees. This is a non-negotiable rate set by the card networks, and every processor pays the same amount. There are hundreds of rates, arranged by industry, card type, sales ticket amount and acceptance method. You can view interchange rate tables on the card networks’ websites.
  • Assessment fees. Like interchange rates, these are non-negotiable, and every processor pays the same amount. These rates vary by card brand.
  • Processor’s markup. This is the only negotiable part of the processing rate.

Here’s why you need to know this information:

  • If a company says it has lower interchange rates than other processors, it’s not true. All processors pay the same amount.
  • If a company posts links to interchange rate tables, indicating that this is what you’ll pay, you need to know that this is only a portion of the rates you’ll pay the processor.

Second, you need to identify which pricing model is best for your business. For most businesses, industry experts recommend interchange-plus pricing, but credit card processing companies prefer tiered pricing because they make more money with it. Some processors give you a choice of pricing models and may allow you to switch so you can evaluate for yourself which one provides the best savings for your business. Here are the three most common:

Credit Card Processing Pricing Models

Tiered pricingInterchange-plus pricingFlat-rate pricing
Most plans include the following tiers, with different rates for debit and credit cards at each tier.
  • Qualified rate: Regular cards, swiped
  • Mid-qualified rate: Rewards, swiped
  • Non-qualified rate: Premium rewards, swiped rewards, keyed
Interchange-plus pricing has two parts:
  • Wholesale rate (interchange and assessment). These are not negotiable.
  • Processor’s markup (the percentage and per-transaction fee). You may be able to negotiate this part of the rate.
Flat-rate pricing is expressed as one of the following:
  • Flat percentage of the transaction
  • Flat percentage plus a per-transaction fee
It’s hard to know how much you’re paying the processor – or if you’re overpaying – because each processor decides which rates go into each tier.You can see the processor’s markup, which makes it easier to determine if you’re getting a good deal. This is usually the most cost-effective pricing model.Flat rates are higher than the prices in the other models but may save you money, because most have no additional fees and no contract.
This pricing model is a good choice if your customers prefer paying with debit cards.This is the pricing model most experts recommend for small businesses.  This is the best pricing model for businesses with small tickets or low monthly volume.

Tiered Pricing

This is the most common pricing model, but it’s widely criticized by industry experts because it’s not as transparent as interchange-plus pricing. It attempts to simplify the interchange table by combining interchange rates, assessment fees, and markups and then sorting them into tiers. Tiered pricing is also referred to as “bundled pricing” or “bucket pricing.”

Most processors categorize these tiers as qualified, mid-qualified, and non-qualified transactions, although some plans may have only two or up to six tiers, with separate rates for credit and debit cards. The factors that determine the transaction category include the type of card (whether it’s debit or credit and if it’s a regular, rewards, corporate, government-issued, or international card) and how the transaction is processed (whether you accept the card in person using a card reader, accept it online, or manually key it in).

Did You Know?

Some processors have a special lower rate for PIN debit transactions.

Critics note a variance between processors as to which interchange rates fall into each tier, which makes it difficult to compare pricing between services. We found this to be true in our research, as some processors categorize rewards cards as mid-qualified and others define them as non-qualified. This variance in tier categorization, sometimes referred to as “inconsistent buckets,” makes it difficult to determine how much you can expect to pay above the set costs for your processing.
  • Low rates advertised on processor websites are usually qualified debit rates. These only apply to non-rewards debit cards accepted in person with a card reader.
  • Qualified debit and qualified credit may be the only rates the sales rep quotes you, so it’s important to ask about the number of tiers, what they cost, which types of cards and acceptance methods each tier includes, and what actions may cause a transaction to be downgraded to a lower tier.
  • The tiered pricing model is best for businesses whose customers prefer paying by debit card.

Interchange-Plus Pricing

Most industry experts prefer this model because it promotes pricing transparency. The interchange-plus pricing model may also be called “pass-through pricing” or “cost-plus pricing,” because the processor passes the interchange rates and assessment fees to you at cost and adds a markup.

The processor’s markup stays the same no matter what card type your customers pay with, so you can see how much you’re paying the processor. This makes it easier to spot savings when you’re comparing services. Also, many of the companies that offer interchange-plus pricing post their rates on their websites, which saves you time in gathering rates from the companies you’re interested in learning more about.

  • Many companies will quote you interchange-plus rates if you specifically request it, but some only offer this type of pricing to established customers, requiring you to process with them for a certain amount of time before you qualify. The best companies offer this pricing to all their customers.
  • The rate you’re quoted is only the markup. You’ll pay this amount in addition to the actual interchange rate and assessment fee.
  • Interchange-plus pricing is best for most businesses; it’s the pricing model recommended by industry experts.

Flat-Rate Pricing

This is the simplest pricing model. Most processors that use this model charge a fixed percentage rate for each sale, regardless of card type. Alternatively, some processors charge a fixed percentage rate and a per-transaction fee. There are usually different rates for cards accepted in person and online.

Mobile credit card processing companies commonly use this pricing model. There are typically no monthly or annual fees, making it a good option for small businesses that don’t process enough transactions to cover these costs. Most of the time, the only other fee is a chargeback fee, which is only triggered when a customer disputes a transaction.

  • If your business processes less than $2,500 per month, some credit card processors will refer you to a processor with flat-rate pricing.
  • Most companies that offer this pricing structure set you up as a submerchant under their master merchant accounts, allowing for fast setup.
  • Flat-rate pricing is best for businesses that have small sales tickets or process a low volume of credit card transactions each month.

Credit Card Processing Fees

In addition to processing rates, you’ll pay various fees to whichever credit card processor you choose. Some of these are one-time or per-occurrence fees, and others are charged monthly or annually.


For a complete list and explanation of fees, including nonstandard fees that you should never pay, see our small business guide to credit card processing fees.

Common Credit Card Processing Fees

Most credit card processing companies charge these recurring fees:

  • The monthly fee (sometimes called a statement fee) usually ranges from $5 to $15. It may be higher if it includes PCI compliance and gateway fees.
  • The monthly minimum fee is normally $25, though this usually means the amount you pay in processing costs, not the minimum dollar amount of sales you must process per month.
  • PCI compliance is $100 per year on average, though some companies may prorate it and charge it monthly, sometimes baking it into the monthly fee.
  • The payment gateway fee varies by the payment gateway you use. Most are charged monthly, though some companies also charge a small per-transaction fee.
  • Various network fees, such as Mastercard’s Merchant Location Fee and Visa’s Fixed Acquirer Network Fee, may be passed on to you as either monthly or annual fees.

These fees are also common but only charged per occurrence:

  • Batch fees are nominal daily fees that you pay when you close out the day’s sales, costing 10 to 30 cents (usually the same amount as your per-transaction fee).
  • Address Verification Service (AVS) fees are usually a few cents per transaction when you use this anti-fraud tool to verify the address and ZIP code of the cardholder.
  • Voice authorization is another anti-fraud tool with a small per-use fee. It’s rarely required, but you’re charged for each occurrence.
  • Chargeback fees are usually $15 or $20 per incident but may be as much as $45.
  • PCI noncompliance is a high monthly fee that you must pay if you fail to establish and maintain your PCI compliance. [Learn about other payment processing laws and regulations.]
  • A non-sufficient funds (NSF) fee is charged if you don’t have enough money in your business bank account to pay the fees you owe the processor.

Fees to Avoid

Some processors charge a variety of miscellaneous fees in addition to the standard fees listed above. Some of the worst are cancellation fees, club or membership fees, and fees for what the contract vaguely defines as “additional services.”

Hidden Fees

Again, it’s important to read the entire contract before you sign anything to make sure no fees are tucked away in the fine print. As you read the contract, note every fee it lists. Then, before you sign the contract, ask your sales rep what each fee is for, how much it costs, how frequently it’s charged, and if it can be waived. If the sales rep agrees to waive a fee, be sure to get this in writing, either in the contract or as an addendum.

What Credit Card Processing Features Do You Need?

No matter which credit card processing service you select, you should expect it to provide the basic services that you need to accept payments. The processor should:

  • Allow you to accept all major cards, including Discover and American Express, so you don’t lose sales from users of certain cards.
  • Comply fully with the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) and help you attain PCI compliance.
  • Offer EMV-compliant card readers to reduce your vulnerability to fraud and to ensure that, in the event of a security breach, you aren’t held liable for using outdated equipment.
  • Provide readily accessible customer support that you can reach by phone 24/7 so that, no matter what hours your business keeps, you can immediately get the assistance you need.

In addition to these criteria, we considered the following factors to evaluate each processing company.

  • Pricing: We looked at processing rates and account fees to find out how much it costs to accept credit card payments with each company. We also considered the pricing model the company uses and how transparent it is about its pricing.
  • Contracts and service terms: Standard processing contracts have lengthy terms and hefty early termination fees that make it difficult to switch providers. We looked for processors that offer month-to-month service with no cancellation fees, rather than locking you into a service.
  • Selection of processing types: Many small businesses want to accept payments wherever their customers are, so we considered whether the processor offers multiple processing methods. We looked for those that allow you to accept PayPal and ACH payments in addition to all major credit cards.
  • Processing equipment options: This industry is notorious for bad leasing contracts, so we looked for processors that allow you to purchase credit card terminals and other processing equipment upfront. Also, whether you need a countertop credit card terminal or a mobile card reader, the processing equipment should allow you to accept chip cards, contactless cards, and mobile wallets.
  • Third-party integrations: Because the ability to integrate with POS systems, accounting software, and other commonly used business software saves you valuable time, it was one of the features we looked for in a processor.
  • Tap-to-pay capabilities: The pandemic changed the way people pay for things. Cash and credit card transactions are declining in favor of contactless payment methods. With this payment method, customers tap their credit or debit card, wearable device, or mobile phone on a contactless payment terminal to complete the transaction. This can speed up the checkout process and keep customers feeling safe. Most newer POS terminals have built-in tap-to-pay capabilities.
  • Funds: We also considered how long it takes the processor to clear the account and deposit the transaction money in your business bank account and whether it offers additional funding options.

Benefits of Using Credit Card Processing

The main benefit of credit card processing is that it allows you to accept credit and debit cards and, in many instances, mobile wallets like Apple Pay and Google Pay. Acceptance of these payment types is increasingly important for nearly every type of business, as many customers don’t carry cash anymore.


In addition to preventing loss of business from customers who prefer to pay with cards, credit card processing helps you analyze your sales. Most services either connect with a POS system or provide an online dashboard that lets you run detailed reports on your sales. Many also integrate with accounting software, which saves you the effort of manually entering transaction data and reduces the risk of error due to manually entered data.


Online and contactless payment adoption rates are rising, but what happens if your internet goes down? Knowing that is a very real possibility, you should make sure your credit card processor can support you when you lose internet connectivity. That’s where offline credit card processing comes in. With offline processing, a customer still provides their payment card to the terminal, which encrypts and saves the card data. When your business is back online, the terminal sends the information to the merchant’s bank and card network. From the customer’s point of view, the transaction happened like normal.

Offline card processing isn’t only beneficial when the internet is down. It also enables you to accept payments outside your store. Most credit card processors, including the ones we reviewed, support offline card processing.


Another important benefit is that credit card processors make it easy to accept payments across multiple sales channels.

  • In person: You can accept payments at your brick-and-mortar location with a payment terminal, card reader or POS system. You can also accept payments offsite with an app and mobile card reader.
  • Over the phone: Using a virtual terminal, you can manually record card details in your computer.
  • Online: You can accept online payments in various ways. On your website, you can embed a payment form or hosted payment page. On social media channels and in your text messages, invoices, and emails, you can post payment links.
  • Crypto: Cryptocurrency is gaining popularity as more payment companies roll out services to support this method. Mastercard is a great example. The credit card company has teamed up with Bakkt, a company that makes digital crypto wallets, to make it easy for merchants in the U.S. to offer support for bitcoin payments. Merchants will also be able to offer customers cryptocurrency for rewards and loyalty programs.


When you ask a processor to send you the contract to look over, the rep usually sends a “merchant application,” “merchant agreement,” or even a “pre-application form” for you to fill out. The term “application” is misleading, because it’s actually part of the contract, and signing the application is signing the contract.

Although some applications include the terms and conditions and act as a full contract, most don’t. Some applications include links in the fine print to the terms and conditions and the program guide, but in most cases, you’ll have to specifically ask your rep for these additional documents.

You should read the full contract so you know exactly what you’re agreeing to and can verify the rates, fees, and terms you were quoted.

  • Don’t enter your bank account information on an application until you’re ready to sign up with a company.
  • Don’t sign the application until you’ve thoroughly read the full contract and verified that the rates and fees are correct, waivers are noted, and you understand the term length and cancellation policy.
  • Contracts usually have three parts: the merchant application, terms and conditions (or terms of service), and the program guide (or merchant operating guide). Make sure you get the full contract to review.

Here are some factors to look for as you review contracts.

Term Length

The industry is shifting away from three-year contracts in favor of month-to-month agreements, and all the best processors offer this as an option. A processor should be confident enough in the quality of its service and the competitive value of its pricing that it doesn’t require its customers to sign lengthy contracts.

The only exception that justifies a contract is if you accept free equipment, in which case it’s reasonable for a company to expect you to remain a customer long enough for it to recoup its costs. We recommend purchasing your equipment instead, to avoid long-term contracts, but if you decide to sign a contract for this reason, the contract term length shouldn’t be excessive, and the contract shouldn’t automatically renew for additional lengthy terms.


An excessive contract would span three years or longer and renew for additional two-year terms.

Even if the sales rep tells you that the service is a month-to-month plan with no cancellation fees, it’s still important for you to read the contract and make sure this information is consistent with what the contract says.
  • If the contract says the term is for three years or there’s an early termination fee (ETF), ask for a waiver or amendment that stipulates the service is provided on a month-to-month basis and waives all ETFs.
  • If the processor you want to work with has a lengthy contract, it’s worth trying to negotiate for better terms. Ask the rep if they can give you an amendment that puts you on a month-to-month plan and waives all ETFs.

Automatic Renewals

If you do choose a company with a traditional three-year contract, be aware that these contracts typically renew automatically for additional one- or two-year terms. It’s worth your time to ask for a waiver that puts you on a month-to-month plan after the initial term ends.

Early Termination Fees

There’s usually a very short window before a term expires in which you can cancel your account without incurring an ETF. Most early cancellation fees are a few hundred dollars, but some are very expensive.

Scour any contract you sign for “liquidated damages,” which is either a percentage or the full amount of the projected revenue the processor expected to make on your account. This is a very punitive fee that can be exorbitant. The ETF may be disguised as an “early deconversion fee” (EDF), so look for this term in the contract text as well.

Personal Guarantees

Most application forms include personal guarantee clauses that grant the processor the right to perform credit checks. This guarantee also gives the processor the right to collect money from you personally if your business is unable to meet its obligations for any reason.

Did You Know?

In addition to holding you personally responsible for all expenses, some of these clauses hold your successors and heirs responsible for your debt if you die.

Additional Service Clauses

These indicate that the processor may sign you up for various additional services that cost extra, and you have a very short period (typically 30 days) to cancel or opt out. Again, you may be automatically enrolled in additional services, and you must figure out what they are and how to cancel them or you will be charged for them.

Frequently Asked Questions About Credit Card Processing


Credit card processing is the process of transferring money from a cardholder’s account to a merchant’s account when the cardholder pays for a purchase with a credit or debit card. Though the process is simple and takes just a few seconds on the front end, the back end of the process is intricate, with data traveling between the merchant, processor, credit card network, and multiple banks.


When a customer inserts a credit card into a merchant’s card reader, it initiates a complex series of data transfers that results in money being debited from the cardholder’s account and credited to the merchant’s bank account. The data passes through the terminal via secure connection to the processor, the credit card network, the bank that issued the customer’s credit card, and the merchant’s bank.


Businesses should use credit card processing because it allows them to accept credit card payments, which is the increasingly preferred payment method for consumers. Although it costs you money to accept credit card payments, consumers tend to spend more money with credit and debit cards than with cash, potentially increasing your sales.


If you currently use a certain processor and want better rates, it may be worth asking your account manager if they can help you reduce your costs. Also, by reviewing your statement on a regular basis, you may be able to identify costs or fees that you’re overpaying.

Take these five steps to make sure you’re getting the best pricing on your credit card processing service:

  1. Review your statement every month. Credit card processing contracts rarely include pricing guarantees, so monitor your statements closely so you know what’s going on with your account. Regularly review your rates and fees to get a sense of what you’ll pay for processing on average each month. Watch for notifications and reminders of rate increases, new fees, and PCI compliance requirements, such as the annual questionnaire you must take to avoid costly noncompliance fees. If you notice a change in your pricing, don’t understand certain fees, or receive notification of a lapse in your compliance status, call your rep to discuss your account.
  2. Request a pricing review. If you are an established merchant and want lower fees, you may be able to get a pricing review or audit to see if you qualify for lower prices. Requesting an account analysis could be particularly worthwhile if your business has grown since you signed up with the processor and your transaction volume exceeds your initial estimates, as you may be eligible for lower rates.
  3. Request interchange-plus pricing. If you’re currently on a tiered pricing plan, ask your processor if it can switch your account to interchange-plus pricing. Many processors allow you to switch to a different pricing model so that you see for yourself which model works best for your business. If you do this, be sure to ask if the new plan triggers any different fees or requirements. For example, ask about the new plan’s monthly minimum and how much you need to process to meet that requirement.
  4. Ask if fees can be waived. Some fees are negotiable, and your rep may be able to waive or lower them for you. For example, if your business is seasonal and having trouble meeting the monthly minimum in the offseason, your rep might waive or reduce it for you. They might also waive the PCI compliance fee after you complete the annual questionnaire.
  5. Shop around and renegotiate your rates. If you’ve been with your current processor for a year or longer, consider shopping around to see if its rates are still competitive. As with car insurance, it’s beneficial to take the time to look for better deals every year or two. This is particularly important if your rates have increased over time, or if you have been with your processor for several years and don’t know what pricing is available elsewhere.

If you do find better pricing from another processor, don’t be afraid to contact your current processor to see if you can renegotiate your rates. You have more negotiating power if your service is provided on a month-to-month basis and you own your equipment, since you can switch to a new service without penalty. If you’re under contract, the rep may be less willing to renegotiate, but it’s still worth a try.

If you’re overpaying for your processing and the rep won’t renegotiate your rates, read your contract to find out the procedure you need to follow to switch processors when your contract finally expires. Be aware that most contracts renew automatically, that you have a very short window in which you may cancel without penalty, and that you may need to begin the cancellation process well in advance of the contract’s expiration date.


You have several options for the processing hardware you use to accept credit cards at your business. Which one is the best credit card reader for your business depends on how and where you plan to accept cards, and whether you want something basic and inexpensive or a solution built into a larger system.

You should be able to accept magstripe cards, chip cards, contactless cards and mobile wallets. No matter which style of card reader you choose, it should be EMV compliant, letting you accept chip cards and avoid liability for fraud occurring at the point of sale. This also allows you to skip signature authorization, speeding up checkout.

If you’re purchasing new equipment, you also want it to include near-field communication (NFC) technology so you can accept mobile wallets like Apple Pay and Google Pay as well as contactless cards, saving you the expense of updating your equipment later as these payment methods grow in popularity.

Consider choosing a device with a built-in keypad or a connected PIN pad if your customers prefer paying with debit cards, as many full-service processors offer special low rates for debit PIN transactions.

Before buying processing equipment from a third-party vendor, check with your credit card processing company to make sure it will be compatible. Here are three types of equipment, along with some of the top brands for each:

  1. Mobile credit card readers are the most affordable option, typically ranging from free to $100. These card readers connect to your phone or tablet through the headphone jack or Bluetooth and work using a credit card payment app that you’ve installed on your device. Many processors offer free magstripe card readers to their new customers, no strings attached. However, in most cases, you’ll want to upgrade to one that accepts chip cards or splurge on a model that supports all three acceptance methods – magstripe, EMV chip and NFC contactless payments. Mobile card readers are available from both full-service and mobile credit card processing companies. See our mobile credit card processing reviews to learn more.
  2. Stand-alone and wireless terminals are the next-cheapest options, usually costing $150 to $600. These countertop credit card readers have built-in receipt printers and keypads. Most connect through either dial-up or Ethernet, and wireless models connect with 3G, GPRS, or Wi-Fi via Bluetooth. All new terminals are EMV compliant and allow you to accept both magstripe and chip cards. Many also accept NFC payments. Top terminal brands include Dejavoo, Ingenico, PAX and Verifone.
  3. Point-of-sale systems are usually the most expensive option, though there’s a wide range of prices, depending on the type you choose. If you plan to use a specific POS system, ask the company which processors the system is compatible with, as some only integrate with a few. Others are proprietary and require you to use that POS company as your payment processor. Tablet-based systems are the cheapest and work with mobile card readers. POS systems with built-in card readers cost $1,000 to $1,500. Top brands include Clover, Square and NCR Silver. See our POS systems review to learn more.


The easiest way for a small business to set up credit card processing is to start an account with a mobile credit card processor that offers an app and a mobile credit card reader. Then, all you have to do to start accepting credit cards is download the app to your phone or tablet and connect the card reader.


If your small business processes less than $5,000 per month, you’ll save money with a processor that has a flat-rate pricing structure and doesn’t charge any account fees (no monthly fee, annual fee or PCI compliance fee). The rates are higher but preferable to other pricing models, as you aren’t processing enough to offset account fees.

If you process more than $5,000 per month, the cheapest credit card processing service will be one that has an interchange-plus pricing structure with a low margin. Fees can be problematic for this type of service as well, so pay attention to the fees different processors charge. For instance, some might have a very low monthly fee but charge a handful of extra fees that add up to high overall costs. Look for a service that is transparent about both its rates and fees, as these companies tend to have the lowest credit card processing fees.


Nearly every credit card processing company has some sort of free equipment offer. Some processors give you a terminal if you sign a contract, while others have a free placement program in which you borrow the equipment.

Accepting free equipment sounds like a great way to save money, but as a perceptive businessperson, you know that “free” often isn’t really free, and you need to do the math to determine whether the free offer is actually the best option for your small business.

Purchasing Credit Card Processing Equipment

Buying processing hardware outright is nearly always your best bet. Although it may be a big upfront cost, it’s less expensive and less restrictive over time than other equipment options. You can keep your purchasing costs low by shopping around for the best price, choosing a basic terminal instead of a fancy POS system, and asking if used equipment is available for purchase.

As you shop around for equipment, find out if the equipment is proprietary or “locked.” This is an important consideration, because you don’t want your purchased equipment to be unusable if you switch processors. If you already own unlocked equipment or decide to shop for new or used equipment online, ask your new processor how much it charges to reprogram the equipment, including shipping and handling costs, and how long the process takes. Many processors offer this as a free service.

Free Credit Card Terminals

Although “free” sounds fantastic, even the best processors may require you to sign a contract in return for free equipment. The best contract terms for free equipment are one year and then go forward on a month-to-month basis. Most free equipment contracts last for three years, and many automatically renew for two-year terms. Some companies require you to sign up for a different pricing plan if you accept free equipment.

Also, some processors may charge you the full price of the terminal in addition to an early termination fee if you end your relationship with the company before your contract expires. Before accepting free equipment, consider whether being tied to a contract or paying higher processing costs is worth cutting out the purchase price of the equipment.

Free Placement Programs

These may sound like a good deal, and many processors offer this option, but as with free equipment offers, you might be required to sign a long-term contract. When your contract expires or you switch processors, you have to return the equipment.

Many free placement programs charge monthly fees, and some have additional monthly minimums that you must meet to avoid penalty fees. Be sure to request the contract and a list of all the fees associated with the program – such as insurance or maintenance fees – to read over before you agree to such an arrangement.

Leasing Equipment

Many processors encourage you to accept a lease on equipment because it’s a very lucrative arrangement for them. Some reps give persuasive reasons for leasing equipment, such as “it’s like a cell phone plan” or “many customers choose to lease for tax reasons.” However, carefully consider every other option before you lease equipment, as this is generally one of the worst decisions a small business can make when setting up credit card processing.

Consider these leasing myths and truths.

Leasing myth No. 1: It’s like getting a cell phone, because if the equipment breaks, the processor will replace it.

Truth: While this is technically true, most equipment comes with a manufacturer’s warranty, and you might be able to purchase an extended warranty or insurance. If your purchased equipment breaks while under warranty or insured, the manufacturer replaces the equipment anyway, according to the terms of the warranty or insurance.

Leasing myth No. 2: It’s easier to update to the newest model if you lease your equipment.

Truth: This myth assumes that if you purchase equipment, you probably keep it longer than the four-year term of your lease. The processor expects that when your lease expires, instead of purchasing your existing equipment, you’ll take out a new lease on new equipment. However, the money you save by purchasing the equipment outright puts you in a better position to buy new equipment when it becomes available.

Leasing myth No. 3: Leasing is better for tax write-offs, since you’ll have an expense that you can write off yearly instead of just a one-time purchase.

Truth: The long-term expense of leasing is still higher than the cost of purchasing equipment outright, even if you factor in the tax write-offs you expect to receive. If you’re considering leasing for these tax reasons, do the math to verify that the costs and savings are what they’re purported to be.

Remember, leasing is short-term cheap and long-term expensive. You’ll often find that you could have purchased the equipment several times over with what you paid over the life of the lease. Additionally, most equipment leasing contracts are noncancelable, which means that you can’t return the equipment – and you pay a fee to get out of it. Even if your business fails, you return the equipment, and you get out of your processing contract, you’ll still be held personally responsible for the remaining time on your equipment lease.


Data and overall payment security is a huge issue in the credit card processing industry. Although the large breaches that you read about in the news, such as those sustained by Home Depot and Target, may lead you to believe that your business is too small for criminals to be interested in, that isn’t the case. In fact, small businesses are often the preferred targets of security attacks.

According to the PCI Security Standards Council, 71% of cybersecurity attacks are aimed at small businesses. Even more grim is the criminals’ success with their small business targets: The Trustwave Global Security Report found that 90% of data breaches affect small businesses. Criminals target small businesses because many of them don’t prioritize data security, so the data often isn’t as secure as it is with large companies that have the resources and personnel to put stronger security protocols in place.

You can take two important steps to increase your security, protect your data and reduce fraud. First, comply with PCI DSS. Second, if you haven’t done so already, upgrade to EMV-compliant processing equipment. Visa reports that EMV-compliant merchants have seen counterfeit fraud drop by 76% since the liability shift of 2015.


As we’ve all seen over the years with major credit card breaches at some of the largest retail chains in the country, there’s no such thing as a completely secure credit card transaction. However, there are measures you can take to secure these transactions against potential intrusions.

The first step you should take is to make sure your credit card processing service is PCI compliant – and that your business complies with these guidelines too, since this dramatically reduces your vulnerability.

Second, make sure your credit card processing equipment can read EMV (Europay, Mastercard and Visa) chips. When comparing the number of card-present counterfeit payment fraud incidents in December 2018 to those in September 2015, Visa estimated that merchants who upgraded to EMV readers saw a 76% decrease in incidents.

If you ensure compliance with these two tech standards, your credit card transactions will be significantly more secure.


Credit card processing fees are how credit card companies make their money. With that in mind, there’s no real way to avoid those fees. What you can do, however, is negotiate those rates before signing up with a processor. By taking certain steps during the application process and beyond, you can potentially cut your fees down to a more manageable level.

Your customers can also help you offset these fees in a couple of ways. One of the more common ways is for merchants to set transaction thresholds for credit card purchases. By disallowing credit cards for any purchase below $5 or $10, for example, you come out ahead of the fees. Check the guidelines on minimum transaction amounts from each of the major credit card networks to comply with their rules.

Some retailers tack on the fees to the transaction itself. This surcharging tactic is common at gas stations, where cash customers pay a lower price for each gallon of gas, but it could also work in a retail setting. This method could backfire, but people who pay with cash will likely see it as a discount.


Authorization holds are based on the banking practice of holding electronic transactions in limbo until the merchant marks the payment as settled. If it hasn’t been settled within the time determined by the cardholder’s bank, it “falls off” the account.

An authorization hold can last as long as 30 days, but American Express cards have a limit of seven days and Discover cards have a 10-day limit. Merchants who don’t complete a transaction hold within the allotted time could be charged a misuse fee by the credit card processor.


The time it takes to settle a credit card sale varies by credit card processor. Merchant accounts are used to complete the credit card payment process efficiently; the type of merchant account will determine if it takes only 24 hours or as long as three days.


You know how consumers swipe their credit cards at checkout in a store? They do the same online – digitally. When a consumer makes a purchase online, they input their credit card information (number, expiration date, CVV). The payment is then processed just like an in-person transaction.


Some credit card processors charge on a tiered pricing basis. This means they bundle the interchange rate, assessment fees and markups into different plans. This isn’t that transparent, because they don’t break down what each cost is, making it more difficult to shop around for the best deal.


Whether you sell baseball hats or cars, when you accept a credit card as payment, it goes through the same process:

  1. The consumer uses a credit card to make a purchase.
  2. The transaction is entered into the terminal.
  3. Data is transmitted for approval.
  4. The transaction goes through authorization to ensure there are enough funds to cover the purchase.
  5. The transaction is authorized and completed.
  6. The merchant closes out the transactions for the day in what’s known as a batch closure. The credit card processor’s acquiring bank collects the money from the credit card companies.
  7. The processor’s acquiring bank deposits the cash into the merchant’s bank account.


A high-risk merchant account is used for businesses with a higher risk of chargebacks or fraud. Many credit card processors won’t work with high-risk businesses, but some will. The ones that do, however, typically charge more because of the risk. In addition to higher processing fees, high-risk merchants pay more in chargeback fees. They also have to undergo a more arduous application process.


Payment processors consider a variety of industries high-risk, but these are some of the most common:

  • Alcohol
  • Firearms
  • Gambling
  • Pawn shops
  • Payday lenders
  • Ticket sellers
  • Tobacco

What to Expect in 2023

In 2023, we’ll see several familiar trends continue to develop in the payments industry.

Better customer experience

The overarching theme of payment processing in 2023 – and one that multiple industry experts talk about – is improving the customer experience. Consumer expectations surrounding payments are exceptionally high. A Vanson Bourne and Ekata study of over 7,000 consumers in North America and Europe found that:

  • 92% of respondents expect a “fast, frictionless experience” that is also secure.
  • Over 70% say account creation for online shopping should be instantaneous.

Mobile and contactless payments

One of the most obvious ways to take customer payments is on mobile devices. Mobile continues to gain importance in the payments industry. According to Adobe, mobile sales accounted for nearly 40% of the $10.8 billion from Cyber Monday 2021 alone.

Contactless payments is another payment technology growing in usage. The COVID-19 pandemic had a massive impact on the economy, including how people pay. Square’s data revealed a spike in cashless merchants, which jumped from 5.4% in February 2020 to 23.2% in April 2020 before settling at 13.4% in August 2020.

Square economist Felipe Chacon said the findings marked a “significant and stabilizing increase in cashless adoption rates compared to pre-pandemic, with business owners increasingly reliant upon contactless and online payments and consumers utilizing those alternatives.”

Installment payments (Buy Now, Pay Later)

The pandemic has also sped up the adoption of installment payments. Thanks to the likes of Afterpay, Affirm and Klarna, consumers can pay off purchases as small as $50 in interest-free installments. They did a lot of that during the pandemic, to the tune of nearly $100 billion.

Since “buy now, pay later,” or BNPL, happens at the point of sale, credit card processors are taking notice. Square, Stripe and Clover all support some version of BNPL, and it’s only a matter of time before most credit card processors embrace this payment method.

Stricter fraud prevention and data security

Security remains a hot topic in the payments industry, and the stakes are high. Although EMV adoption has been highly successful at reducing card-present fraud, card-not-present fraud continues to rise. Juniper Research predicts that CNP fraud will cost retailers $130 billion between 2018 and 2023. Consumers are also worried about fraud – 90% of them, according to the Ekata report – and over 60% of them feel that the businesses accessing their personal data are responsible for fraud prevention. When that doesn’t happen, 91% of consumers who experience fraud will not do business with that company again, and 86% of them will warn others about their experiences.

Credit card processing companies are proactively combating fraud, though: Juniper Research says that payment processors will spend nearly $10 billion by 2023 to detect and prevent fraud. Scott Talbott, senior vice president of government affairs at the Electronic Transactions Association, wrote in a blog post on TSYS that, “these tools are powered by technological advancements like machine learning, biometrics, geolocation tools and artificial intelligence. They are critically important in the fight against increasingly sophisticated criminals.”

Your business’s PCI compliance status should also be on your mind in 2023. Data from the ControlScan/MAC 2020 Acquiring Trends Report revealed that merchants’ PCI compliance rates are falling. That’s not good for you or your customers, since non-compliant businesses are more vulnerable to hackers. You might also pay a high noncompliance fee (more than $50 in some cases) each month. Just 26% of the merchant acquirers in the survey reported merchant compliance rates above 60%, and 23% reported rates below 25%.

New interchange rates

In 2022, Visa and Mastercard raised their interchange fees after two years of pandemic-related delays. These costs are shouldered by merchants, who have lost more revenue to interchange fees in recent years due to the popularity of higher-fee rewards cards and the shift away from cash. Large merchants will likely see their costs increase the most. On the bright side, Visa and Mastercard have taken steps to cut fees for small businesses with low annual sales volume and transactions with small dollar amounts.

Higher fees

Another issue to watch in 2023 is rising fees. A study from the Canadian Federation of Independent Business found that the pandemic has accelerated the shift from cash to digital payments. This has resulted in many small businesses paying higher fees to accept digital payments. Both Visa and Mastercard raised their fees in 2022, although a lowering of fees on smaller transactions partially offset this. Visa also announced that it would cut rates by 10% for the vast majority of small businesses. Regardless, we expect more business owners will seriously shop around for the best rates that will support increases in payment volume while remaining affordable.

Jennifer Dublino
Jennifer Dublino
Contributing Writer
Jennifer Dublino is a prolific researcher, writer, and editor, specializing in topical, engaging, and informative content. She has written numerous e-books, slideshows, websites, landing pages, sales pages, email campaigns, blog posts, press releases and thought leadership articles. Topics include consumer financial services, home buying and finance, general business topics, health and wellness, neuroscience and neuromarketing, and B2B industrial products.
Image Credit: radifanil / Getty Images
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