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Updated Feb 14, 2024

Specialty Insurance Basics

Businesses need specialty insurance for items not covered by ordinary homeowners or automobile insurance.

Mark Fairlie
Mark Fairlie, Senior Analyst & Expert on Business Ownership
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There’s no shortage of insurers or insurance policies for small businesses. However, most policies are designed to provide coverage for companies in general and not for the specific risks your business might face. For example, you won’t be covered for a potentially significant event like a product recall, a data breach or a professional error that costs your clients money.

For these situations, consider taking out specialty insurance. The good news is that it can be much more competitively priced than standard insurance policies.

What is specialty insurance?

Specialty insurance plans are for businesses that have specific, and often unusual, coverage needs. 

You might have expensive, specialized equipment you want to protect, or perhaps you work in a sector where employee fraud is a real and present risk. These types of risks are not usually covered under standard business insurance policies. For example, guns and antiques require specialty insurance for adequate protection.

TipBottom line
If you manufacture or sell products to consumers or businesses, consider taking out product liability insurance. Under U.S. law, manufacturers and retailers are held responsible for any harm caused by a defect in a product, even if they're not at fault.

Who needs specialty insurance?

Any business that serves clients who engage in high-risk behavior will need to take out a specialty insurance policy. 

For example, there are significant risks associated with skydiving, so if you offer it to the public, standard insurance won’t cover you. That’s because your insurer would be subject to a much higher potential exposure to liability claims. Another example is construction businesses; many builders and contractors take out builders’ risk insurance to protect against loss and damage on a project.

Some insurance providers offer specialty insurance plans to businesses in certain industries. For instance, Liberty Mutual has specialty options for the healthcare, environmental, real estate and energy industries. [Read related article: Cyber Liability vs. Data Breach Insurance]

For healthcare providers, for example, standard insurance policies don’t cover sector-specific risks, like specialized equipment failures, patient data breaches and malpractice claims. Healthcare insurance underwriters design policies to ensure that the businesses paying them premiums are sufficiently protected against liabilities related to the sector.

Does specialty insurance protect against lawsuits?

Like other types of insurance plans, specialty insurance offers protection against lawsuits. If a business is sued and a judgment is made against it, insurers provide much of that coverage. 

For example, many businesses take out a specialty policy called errors and omissions (E&O) insurance, which protects against negligence lawsuits. The policy has limits, but clients are generally compensated for charges related to judgments such as court and legal fees.

How much does specialty insurance cost?

A common misconception among business owners is that specialty insurance is not affordable. In reality, many rates are surprisingly competitive, depending on your specific needs. Here are some examples of costs associated with specialty insurance:

Type of specialty insurance

Typical quote per month

Professional indemnity


Errors and omissions


Cyber insurance


Workers’ compensation insurance


Contractor tools and equipment


Commercial property insurance


FYIDid you know
In nearly every state, businesses are required to take out workers’ compensation insurance, which covers both your business and the affected employee for the costs associated with an accident at work.

Examples of specialty insurance policies

Specialty insurance is necessary for items that your ordinary homeowners or automobile insurance doesn’t cover. The following types of specialty insurance can help fill in the gaps:

  • Flood coverage: Commercial property insurance often lacks flood insurance, so this specialty insurance may be worthwhile if your region is prone to flooding. When it comes to floods and your vehicle, you will want to consider comprehensive auto insurance. Research from the Insurance Information Institute shows that more than 79 percent of U.S. drivers buy comprehensive coverage.
  • Identity theft insurance: Identity theft can be costly, especially if your company’s bank accounts are compromised. Identity theft insurance can help you cover those costs.
  • Motorcycle insurance: Many auto policies that you may take out for your company’s vehicle fleet won’t cover motorcycles. To make up for this, you’ll need commercial motorcycle insurance.
  • Boat insurance: If your business involves boats — for example, you run a boat touring business or a mini-cruise line — you’ll need boat insurance to cover most of your risks.
  • Travel insurance: When you plan to travel for work, there’s always the risk that you ultimately won’t be able to get on the plane. In this case, travel insurance covers the amount you spend on your trip, as well as lost baggage or overseas medical emergencies.
  • Title insurance: If you buy commercial real estate and there’s a defect in your title, you could face substantial financial losses. Title insurance covers these losses.
  • Commercial renters insurance: Whereas commercial property insurance covers buildings you own, commercial renters insurance offers coverage for business property you rent.
  • Ocean marine insurance: This specialty insurance category is mandatory if your business owns or operates sea vessels that dock or offload in American ports. It should cover any claims that fall under the Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act and the Jones Act.
  • Cyber liability insurance: As the frequency of cyberattacks on small businesses increases, cyber liability insurance can help cover the accompanying financial losses. It can also cover your legal costs if customers sue you over data breaches.
  • Directors and officers (D&O) insurance: D&O insurance protects you if you face lawsuits alleging wrongdoings in the management of your business.

Other cases of specialty insurance include insurance for unique considerations, such as for actors who insure their body parts that are considered their best assets and moneymakers. Other types of specialty insurance for businesses include coverage for the loss of your entire inventory in case of a fire or theft.

TipBottom line
Quotes for specialty insurance depend on your industry and your company’s risk of being sued. You can add an umbrella policy to increase the maximum payouts of your plan.

How to buy specialty insurance

Take these steps to ensure you take out the most suitable specialty insurance policy for your business.

1. Understand the different types of specialty insurance.

Specialty insurance isn’t intended to be a one-size-fits-all policy; the underwriting will be specific to your company’s industry and needs. For instance, construction and healthcare businesses both need specialty insurance but will have very different coverage inclusions.

2. Start with basic information on insurance for special needs.

A key step is to confirm that the policies you already have don’t cover your specialty needs. Even if they don’t, though, you may not need an entirely new policy. In some cases, the insurer may be able to add special inclusions to your standard policy.

3. Check out various specialty insurance companies.

Research multiple specialty insurance providers to get an idea of the scope of policies offered. Seek out a specialty insurance company that answers your questions thoroughly. Review their experience in the industry and their records with rating agencies such as the Better Business Bureau.

As you search for specialty insurance plans, consider working only with agents who will vet insurers for you and collect quotes from them. Remember that many agents collect commissions from insurance providers and, therefore, won’t charge you fees.

Check out how much your policy covers in the worst case, and calculate whether it is adequate protection for your assets against judgments. Speak to insurance providers about the option of an umbrella policy, which has minimal annual cost and pays out claims when you’ve exhausted your initial coverage.

4. Look at the latest specialty insurance coverage and industry news.

Stay up to date with business insurance information, especially news that’s pertinent to your particular needs. Find out what specialty insurance other providers are offering and what trends are affecting the industry. With this information on hand, you can bargain with service providers to get the best deal for your budget.

5. Compare quotes from different companies (and use them against each other).

Get as many comparable quotes as you can from different specialty insurance providers. Use these quotes to encourage a bidding war between insurers to see if you can negotiate a lower premium.

What to consider when choosing specialty insurance

When you’re choosing the best specialty insurance policy for your business, consider these factors:

  • Scope of coverage: Make sure you’re covered for all of the risks your business is exposed to, including both industry-specific liabilities and general risks, like cybersecurity threats and professional errors.
  • Limits and deductibles: The limit is the amount your insurer will pay you for a covered loss, and the deductibles are the expenses you must pay out of pocket before the insurance kicks in. Make certain that these numbers fulfill your needs.
  • Claims process: Insurers aren’t particularly keen on paying out and often make it as hard as possible. Check online reviews to see other businesses’ experience in getting the money owed to them.
  • Unique risks: Your business may face unique risks that aren’t covered by standard types of specialty insurance policies. Work with the insurers that offer the most flexibility with the specific details of your policy.
  • Renewal policies: Some insurers increase their charges every year. If they don’t, they might gradually reduce the risk they cover. Ask questions and look at reviews to get an idea of how a potential insurer behaves when it’s time to renew a policy.
  • Industry expertise: Find insurers with deep knowledge of and proven expertise in your sector. They’re more likely to know the insurance companies that target and cater to businesses like yours.

Max Freedman contributed to this article.

Mark Fairlie
Mark Fairlie, Senior Analyst & Expert on Business Ownership
Mark Fairlie brings decades of expertise in telecommunications and telemarketing to the forefront as the former business owner of a direct marketing company. Also well-versed in a variety of other B2B topics, such as taxation, investments and cybersecurity, he now advises fellow entrepreneurs on the best business practices. With a background in advertising and sales, Fairlie made his mark as the former co-owner of Meridian Delta, which saw a successful transition of ownership in 2015. Through this journey, Fairlie gained invaluable hands-on experience in everything from founding a business to expanding and selling it. Since then, Fairlie has embarked on new ventures, launching a second marketing company and establishing a thriving sole proprietorship.
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